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Action Alert –

Grassroots Rising (Excerpt) – Resilience


Educate a Legislator Day

Thursday, Sept. 19, 2019

9 am – 3 pm

The Sheraton Hotel

75 E. State St.

Columbus OH




Ohio SB 33 is a bill that criminalizes dissent. It is an attempt by the Gas and Oil industry to intimidate the people of Ohio from exercising their right to disagree with government policies. The policies in question have been written by industry lobbyists and heavily influenced by corporate campaign contributions and dark money. 

This bill has been traced back to model bills emanating from two organizations, the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) and the Council of State Governments (CSG), both of which receive generous financial backing from the oil and gas industry. ALEC is a corporate-backed organization of state legislators and lobbyists; its membership base mostly consists of Republican members of state legislatures. It convenes three times per year for educational panel sessions, networking, and to vote on model bills. Those model bills then get distributed to state legislators nationwide, often becoming state law. Their efforts are the reason Ohio citizens have no recourse to fossil fuel operations and policies in their communities. 

Under this proposed legislation it is a felony for peaceful demonstrators to be present at an event where someone else breaks a law. It allows for financial penalties so extreme they will bankrupt any organizations that oppose destructive industrial operations in their neighborhoods.  It also penalizes groups who provide legal aid to those accused under this law.

The sponsor of the bill, Senator Frank Hoagland, operates a paramilitary, guns for hire security firm that trains oil and gas operations to constrain Ohio citizens from redressing their grievances and tramples First Amendment Rights. This conflict of interest has not been addressed by the legislature. 

We urge you to make your voice heard in the halls of the State House. If we are silent, the only voices that our legislators will hear will be those of the Gas and Oil lobbyists. We need to show them our unity, we need to show up in numbers, and we need to present them with a clear vision of the world we want for our children.

Teresa Mills, ED

Buckeye Environmental Network


Block use of clean energy loan guarantees for the Appalachian storage and petrochemical hub.

Contact your U.S. senators and urge them to support language similar to the Omar-Jaypal amendment to the House version of the appropriations bill to block use of clean energy loan guarantees for the Appalachian storage and petrochemical hub, which will bring massive PLASTICS production infrastructure, greatly increased fracking, and associated pipelines, compressor stations, truck traffic and toxic emissions to the Ohio River valley.

See Food and Water Watch’s press release and letter to our senators (also below), signed by ACFAN and dozens of other groups, about this extreme threat to our health, climate, and communities. Please take action and contact your senators now!

Sherrod Brown contact e-mail:

Rob Portman e-mail:

THANK YOU for all you do to support the people’s voice to protect the places we love, 

Heather Cantino and Roxanne Groff


Democracy & the Environment are being threatened at the OHIO Statehouse!

Local democracy is being threatened at the Statehouse! Ohio Senate Bill 210 would prevent cities from placing a fee on items, such as single-use plastic bags and bottles, as a means to discourage overuse. A minimal charge for bags and bottles has proven to be an effective disincentive to wasteful over-consumption. Senate Bill 210 would take away a city’s right to address pollution as it sees fit and instead take a broad brush approach determined by the state. Local governments should have the power to decide what is best for their own community.

Keep local democracy in Ohio!

Why is a bill being proposed in Ohio, a state with no current plastic-bag fees? Because Big Oil and Gas is coming to Ohio and wants to sell plastic! Ohio’s Utica Shale region contains a vast amount of ‘wet’ natural gas that is perfect for making plastic pellets. Five proposed ethane crackers are coming to the Ohio River Valley, with the goal of producing 7 million metric tons of plastic pellets per year. The future of Ohio’s environment and human health are at great risk!

What does this mean for Ohio? More pollution! Currently only 8% of Ohio’s rivers are safe for human recreation. The dangerous emissions from five ethane cracker hubs will overwhelm Ohio with air and water pollution. Corporate greed is changing the landscape of Ohio: polluters are reaping our natural resources, compromising our democracy, and will leave Ohio with a wasteland of pollution. (Photo Courtsey of DeSmogBlog)

Take action today, say no to SB210!


Source: Sierra Club – Ohio 11/8/2018

Elissa Yoder Mann
Conservation Manager
Sierra Club Ohio Chapter



Recommended by Kirsten and Jurgen Pape.

Editorial Reviews


“Suspenseful, superbly informative, crucial.”
Louise Erdrich

“Fascinating and brilliant… Egan’s narrative often moves like a thriller.”
Vicky Albritton and Fredrik Albritton Jonsson, Los Angeles Review of Books

“Easy to read, offering well-paced, intellectually stimulating arguments, bolstered by well-researched and captivating narratives.”
Lekelia Danielle Jenkins, Science

“Dan Egan has done more than any other journalist in America to chronicle the decline of this once-great ecosystem.”
Judges’ citation, Grantham Award of Special Merit for Environmental Beat Reporting

“A compelling chronicle of the many, many (many) man-caused hazards that have threatened the largest source of accessible freshwater in the world.”
Susan Glaser, Cleveland Plain Dealer

“A marvelous work of nonfiction, which tells the story of humanity’s interference with the natural workings of the world’s largest unfrozen freshwater system.”
Anne Moore, Crain’s Chicago Business

“Important.… Egan’s book serves as a reminder that the ecological universe we inhabit is vastly connected and cannot be easily mended by humility and good intentions.”
Meghan O’Gieblyn, Boston Review

“Egan’s knowledge, both deep and wide, comes through on every page, and his clear writing turns what could be confusing or tedious material into a riveting story.”
Margaret Quamme, Columbus Dispatch

“Brings the Great Lakes’ decline―and moments of rebirth―to life.… Firsthand tales from the people directly involved in the Great Lakes’ unfolding ecological drama drive Egan’s brisk narrative forward.”
Danielle S. Furlich, Nature Conservancy magazine

“A literary clarion call.… Egan’s narrative reflects a nuanced understanding of history and science, which is matched by his keen perceptions about public policy.”
National Book Review

About the Author

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A message from Arnold Schwarzenegger: Trump, let coal go!

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Dangerous Ohio House Bill 393-Call to Action

Dangerous Ohio House Bill 393-Call to Action

How much longer will we let corporations and their hack politicians poison us for profit? On May 15, 2018, a committee in the Ohio House of Representatives voted House Bill 393 out of committee for a floor vote. HB 393 would prohibit any regulation whatsoever of the sales of fracking radioactive waste which is misleadingly labeled “brine”. Please read the letter below from attorney Terry Lodge and then call the members of the Senate Energy Committee in opposition of this dangerous bill.

“Friends, I want to tell you the very disturbing news of a new corporate-driven scheme to poison you, your family and your pets with radioactive waste.

Aqua Salina is a product you can purchase by the gallon at Lowe’s or a hardware store right now. It’s also sold in huge quantities to department of transportation regional garages for use as a de-icer. It’s bottled in the Cleveland area by an owner of several oil and gas wells.  Aqua Salina has been sold for several years.

It is called “brine,” marketed as “ancient sea water;” and it is bottled radioactive waste. Depending on the concentrations of radioactive toxins in this “ancient sea water,” it is called “NORM” (naturally-occurring radioactive material) or “TENORM” (technologically-enhanced naturally-occurring radioactive material). Here’s a page from the website of the seller and distributor of this poisonous stuff:

Here’s how I know Aqua Salina is radioactive waste.  Scientists at the Ohio Department of Natural Resources – an agency generally viewed as owned by Ohio’s oil and gas industry, analyzed Aqua Salina in 2017.  I’ve attached their report. Samples of Aqua Salina bought right off the shelf ranged as high as 500 times background radiation in Radium-226 and -228.  The average of the samples tested by ODNR were 300 times federal drinking water limits for Radium-226.

Why is any of this significant?  Well, those of you who know me know that I’ve litigated against fracking for years. And I’ve learned that oil and gas drilling, using fracking pulls enormous amounts of radium to the surface, mostly in liquid form.  Radium-226 is a major radioisotope in the liquid and solid drilling wastes brought to surface to get natural gas and oil. Ra-226 is especially dangerous because unlike a lot of radioactive isotopes, it dissolves readily in water. If you drink water containing Ra-226, the body incorrectly recognizes it is as dissolved calcium and deposits it in bone tissue. Ra-226 is an “alpha particle emitter,” meaning that an atom of it is energetic enough that it will electrically bombard surrounding cell tissues and cause cell mutations.  Cell mutations often become cancers, also called blastomas.  Ra-226 causes bone cancer. In fact, radon gas – radium in gas form – is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the U.S.  We all know the first leading cause of lung cancer is smoking, but few people know that the tobacco plant concentrates Ra-226 as it takes up nutrients from the soil.  Smoking involves inhalation of Radium-226.

On May 15, 2018, a committee in the Ohio House of Representatives voted House Bill 393 out of committee for a floor vote. HB 393 would prohibit any regulation whatsoever of the sales of fracking radioactive waste which is misleadingly labeled “brine”.

But this legislation not only would legalize sales of radioactive waste as a commodity; it also would give bulletproof protection to the drilling industry against liability. They already sell fracking waste by the hundreds of thousands, even millions of gallons, for use as a dust control device on hot country roads in the summer, and as a de-icer on highways in the winter.  And for those who don’t understand that they are purchasing radioactive waste, it is used, right now, on residential driveways, patios and sidewalks as a deicer.

And when people finally wake up to the fact that we’re drowning in radioactive deicer and dust control, they will have a huge roadblock to filing suit, courtesy of the Ohio General Assembly. Unless we do something now.

This is not just a matter of diluting a little radium in a lot of water. It will take roughly 11,000 years, give or take a decade or so, for all the Ra-226 in Aqua Salina being applied today to roads and sidewalks and driveways to disintegrate down to background levels.  And it only takes a few atoms of radium in your drinking water – which, incidentally, cannot for the most part successfully be filtered to remove radium – for the body to deposit Ra-226 in your bone tissues and commence the process of destroying you and your family. So lots and lots of Ra-226 will be washing through Ohio’s surface and subsurface water for the next 11,000 years or so, plenty of time to kill and destroy the health and lives of millions.

The oil and gas industry is eager for HB 393 to pass because fracking creates an enormous amount of liquid and solid waste, most of it radioactive.  And it costs a lot to get rid of it. The frackers don’t like to pay to get rid of radioactive waste if they can get away with poisoning you and your family for free. Indeed, some of them profit, now, from selling it!

When your city or township or state highway garage buys this stuff for ice control, the recommended spray is 30 to 50 or so gallons per lane/mile. Understand? If you’re driving on a six-lane Ohio Turnpike, there are 180 to 300 gallons sprayed on the roadway per mile.  This radioactive waste then unavoidably washes into streams, wetlands, rivers and lakes. And we all live downstream.

Our political system, once again, contrives to poison and kill us to make a buck – actually, millions of them………

We don’t need “better regulation” or “ODH regulation” of this poisonous radwaste. It should be flatly and completely illegal to sell it as a commodity at all, with serious criminal penalties. We will not consent to a little poisoning. A little poisoning is more than enough to kill.

Whether we work together to stop this – by initiating local and state laws to neutralize the General Assembly and voting the political thieves, brigands and corporate poisoners out of office and by sitting down and sitting in at the Statehouse – whether any of that happens or not is up to you and me.

How much longer will we let corporations and their hack politicians poison us for profit?”

Please make calls or send emails to the following members of the Senate energy committee in opposition of HB 393:

Balderson   Chair (614) 466-8076

Jordan   Vice Chair (614) 466-8086

O’Brian   (614) 466-7182

Hoagland   (614) 6508

Hottinger   (614) 466-5838

LaRose   (614) 466-4823



URGENT: The House is voting on Big Ag’s dream bill TODAY!

We may only have HOURS left to stop this disastrous bill. Please click here to urge your representative to vote NO on H.R. 2!

This is urgent, Friend.

The House of Representatives is scheduled to vote on the farm bill in just a few hours. As written, this bill would have disastrous effects on our air, water and health. It would roll back clean water protections and pesticide regulations.
More than 17,000 activists have already taken action, but it looks like you haven’t yet joined the campaign.
It’s now or never. Can we count on you to help stop this bill? Click here to urge your representative to vote against Big Ag’s dream bill!
Monsanto and its Big Ag chums are doing everything they can to force this bill through, and we can stop them – but only with your help, Friend. Members of Congress will only vote against this bill if they hear from their constituents today. We need every single voice standing with us if we’re going to shut down this bill.
We can’t let this bill pass – here’s what it would do:
• Roll back clean water protections and pesticide regulations. This bill would allow farmers to spray pesticides straight into waterways, including drinking water sources!
• Strip animal welfare protections. The King amendment would roll back existing state laws protecting animals and prevent states from taking further action to safeguard animal welfare.
• Hurt hungry families. The proposed bill strips away food assistance benefits for more than 2 million low-income Americans, while expanding loopholes that allow millionaire landowners to stuff their pockets with taxpayer cash.
This bill is essentially Monsanto’s wish list of regulatory rollbacks and policy changes. We can’t let it get away with this. The only way to stop this bill and Monsanto is to make sure your representative knows you’ll hold them accountable for their vote.

TAKE ACTION: Urge your representative to oppose the proposed farm bill and vote NO on H.R. 2.

Thanks for standing with us, Friend.
Colin O’Neil
Legislative Director, EWG Action Fund

5/14/2018 from League of Women Voters

Action Alert: Stop Unsafe Spread of Drilling Wastewater

House Bill 393, which could pass out of committee tomorrow, May 15, would encourage the use of drilling wastewater to de-ice roads without sufficient safety protections. Its companion legislation, Senate Bill 165, is also progressing through committee; both bills promote spreading wastewater from oil and gas drilling, which can be radioactive and contain other harmful chemicals, onto roadways across Ohio. Call your legislators today and let them know you have concerns about these bills.

LWVO has two main concerns about House Bill 393 and Senate Bill 165:

  1. Not specific. As it stands, neither bill lays out which chemicals are and are not permitted in solutions used for this purpose. Meaningful controls on this practice should include more specific criteria.
  2. Improper oversight. The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency has the appropriate, legitimate jurisdiction and expertise to consider this issue, but these bills assign responsibility to the Ohio Department of Natural Resources. That should be changed to make clear this legislation takes public safety seriously.

The exact makeup of drilling solution has been kept secret and can vary, but the process can produce radioactivity, carcinogens, and volatile organic compounds. These bills would introduce controls at the state level on the use of reprocessed brine for ice and dust control on roads, replacing the local restrictions that have taken precedence previously. Standardized rules at the state level could be a positive change, provided they are clearly designed to protect public health and safety.

In their current form, HB 393 and SB 165 will encourage the use of drilling wastewater without appropriate health safeguards, leaving possible a risk of groundwater contamination.

Contact your legislators and the House committee members below today to tell them these bills must be substantially improved to address these concerns before passing.

  • Chair Al Landis – (614) 466-8035
  • Ranking Minority Member Michael O’Brien – (614) 466-5358
  • Rep. Andy Thompson – (614) 644-8728
  • Rep. John Boccieri – (614)-466-6107
  • Rep. Tim Schaffer – (614) 466-8100
  • Rep. David Leland – (614) 466-2473
  • Rep. Jay Edwards – (614) 466-2158
  • Rep. James Hoops – (614) 466-3760
  • Rep. Dick Stein – (614) 466-9628
  • Rep. Scott Wiggam – (614) 466-1474
  • Rep. Niraj Antani – (614) 466-6504
  • Vice Chair Christina Hagan – (614) 466-9078
  • Rep. Kathleen Clyde – (614) 466-2004


Thank you,

LWVO Advocacy Team

NO fracking wastewater on Ohio roads


State senators Dolan and Skindell want to allow fracking wastewater to be used on our roads.
But we know that fracking wastewater is rife with toxic substances — making it extremely unsafe. Even worse, we know that wastewater treatment is not always successful.
We can’t let fracking wastewater be put on Ohio roads and run the risk of it getting into groundwater.
Urge the Ohio legislature to vote NO on SB 165, to protect Ohio’s environment and public health.
*Your elected officials require the contact information below in order to receive your message.
Go to the link and fill in the letter and form.


Urge your state senator to stand up for solar by opposing HB 114

Solar advocates testify in favor of maintaining a strong renewable portfolio standard.

Last year, Ohioans rejected a proposal to extend the freeze of Ohio’s Renewable Portfolio Standard in House Bill 554. At our urging, the governor rejected efforts to hurt Ohio’s solar producers. It was also understood that clean energy policy is also required to advance Ohio’s economy. Not only is solar one of the fastest growing jobs sectors, but employers are looking for stable clean energy policy when investing in a state.

A new attempt is underway to make Ohio’s RPS voluntary. The Ohio House of Representatives passed House Bill 114 last spring, and it is now under consideration in an Ohio Senate committee. Solar producers and all Ohioans who care about jobs and clean energy must again speak against this attempt. Ohio remains the only state to have gone backwards on its RPS standard. Let’s not let it happen again. Please, urge your Senator to oppose attempts to reduce the RPS standard through this legislation.

Find your State Senator in the “Who to Contact” tab above.

Example message:

I am writing to urge you to oppose HB 114, and its attempt to weaken Ohio’s Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). Weakening our RPS would be a mistake. This bill would inhibit Ohioans’ ability to choose where our electricity comes from and cause our state to fall behind in renewable energy job creation.

Neighboring states are encouraging economic growth by increasing the amount of renewable energy that powers their states. Now is not the time for Ohio to go backwards. Employers looking to locate in the state are demanding stable clean energy policies. Thousands of Ohioans have made significant investments in solar on their homes and businesses. Changes in the RPS are having a direct impact on the financial return of their investment.

Please, reject attempts like HB 114 that will reduce Ohio’s competitiveness and hurt those who have and plan to invest in solar on their property.


Protect OH!

State bills want to smear fracking waste fluids all over Ohio’s roads for deicer. Act now to stop it.

Ohio lawmakers are working on yet another scheme to benefit the oil and gas industry at our expense with Ohio House Bill 393 and Senate Bill 165. It would allow oil and gas waste, including fracking fluids, to be sold as a “commodity.” This means hazardous waste  could be sold in stores and spread on our roads as a deicer by the Ohio Department of Transportation.

Oil and gas waste is dangerous. Spreading it on roads and highways exposes Ohio communities and waterways to carcinogens and other dangerous chemicals.

Action LINK:


Update on 29 January 2018

Sub HB 393: Different but still bad! Please keep up calls and letters

Sub. HB 393 no longer allows horizontally drilled waste but IS STILL DANGEROUS and must be opposed. Please share this news and new language for making calls and writing letters. Thank you! There’s a new version of the fb post. Please re-send to your circle. Thank you!

Sub HB 393: Call on Rep. Edwards to withdraw his support of this dangerous bill!

A very dangerous piece of legislation is being considered by the Ohio House. Rep. Jay Edwards supports Sub HB 393, which would allow oil and gas waste to be “processed” for sale in stores for deicing Ohio roads, sidewalks, and even your own front steps. Athens City Council has already passed a resolution opposing the Senate version (SB 165). I urge all Mr. Edwards’ constituents to educate him on the disastrous implications for this dangerous bill.

Oil and gas waste can hundreds of toxic ingredients, many undisclosed (thanks to trade secrets and weak Ohio and federal regulation). Most are not subject to government regulation or health standards, although most have known health impacts. In one study by Endocrine Disruption Exchange of 980 products used in oil and gas extraction, 90% had at least one known health effect. Nearly half the products contained at least one chemical considered an endocrine disruptor (chemicals that interfere with the endocrine system, including development and reproduction, and which can have severe lifelong effects on sensitive populations, like babies and children, even at extremely low doses).

Oil and gas waste is more toxic even than the chemicals used to drill and stimulate wells, as authors of the report cited above documented:  Health effects of forty chemicals and heavy metals studied from New Mexico oil and gas waste evaporation pits “produced a health profile even more hazardous than the pattern produced by the drilling and fracking chemicals.” In fact, “98% of the 40 chemicals found in the pits are listed on USEPA’s 2005 CERCLA (Superfund) list and 73% are on the 2006 EPCRA List of Lists of reportable toxic chemicals. Of the nine chemicals found to exceed the New Mexico state limits, all are on the CERCLA list and all but one are on the EPCRA List of Lists.                                

There are no provisions in the bill to fully assess the composition or even do limited testing on an ongoing basis, even though oil and gas waste chemicals and toxicity vary from well to well and over time. The bill even sets out restrictions on government regulation of the very activities it would enable, restricting regulation to only very limited testing and infrequent monitoring of limited parameters. Safety would therefore be legally impossible to even strive for, let alone ensure. There is not even a requirement that testing be by an Ohio-EPA certified lab. With its provision that “[t]he chief shall not adopt rules or establish or impose additional requirements applicable to commodities governed by division (C)(9)(a) of this section,” the law makes it legally impossible to set higher standards.

Oil and gas waste is often highly radioactive and contains heavy metals. The bill does not provide any standards for monitoring of these hazards, let alone their removal. Processing waste to completely remove this contamination would obviously be technically very difficult (if even possible) and would certainly not be cheap. But since the bill doesn’t require such a standard, it’s obviously not expected to be met! Even evaluating the presence of these contaminants is very expensive. Who would pay for that? Oh, right, never mind, it’s not required and under this bill can NEVER be required!

Even processed conventional oil and gas waste can contain heavy metal and radiologicals. A recent Duke University study found radioactive materials at the bottom of three PA waterways from treated conventional oil and gas wastes. According to Duke University professor and a study author, Dr. Avner Vengosh, “Despite the fact that conventional oil and gas wastewater is treated to reduce its radium content, we still found high levels of radioactive build-up in the stream sediments we sampled.” A report on the study in also explained, “The level of radiation found in stream sediments at the disposal sites was about 650 times higher than radiation in upstream sediments. In some cases, it even exceeded the radioactivity level that requires disposal only at federally designated radioactive waste disposal sites.” According to the US EPA, “Radium and radon are potent human carcinogens. Uranium may cause lung cancer and tumors of the lymphatic and hematopoietic tissues.” Uranium is higher in Utica than in Marcellus shale. Its dangers have been less studied.

When spread on the ground for deicing or dust control, radioactive dust can become airborne and be inhaled or deposited on crops or pastures, so that humans also ingest it from contaminated produce or animal products. Radium-226 has a half-life of 1,600 years. See also Dr. Julie Weatherington-Rice’s letter to the Energy and Nat. Res. Committee on SB 165 on the extreme dangers of spreading conventional oil and gas waste. Please urge Mr. Edwards to reconsider his support for this dangerous bill, with its fatal implications for Ohioans’ health and wellbeing, ph: (614) 466-2158;

Thank you. This piece with live links is also posted at and a post to share is on acfan’s fb page.

Athens County Fracking Action Network and on fb


On 23 January 2018

Ohio House to OK Use of Fracking Waste as Road Deicer

Imagine if your child or family pet were accidentally poisoned by just playing in the snow.  Imagine if there were no way to determine what the poisoning chemical could be. If the Ohio House has its way this could be a reality when they approve House Bill 393 which would give “beneficial” use status to fracking waste to be used on Ohio’s roadways.

We know from other states’ experiences that this is a terrible and dangerous idea. A recent study by Duke University found that in Pennsylvania, “disposal of treated conventional (oil and gas waste) is the source of high (radium concentrations) in stream sediments,” causing radioactivity levels to spike in PA streams.[1] Research conducted in California suggests that there are so many chemicals that can interact with each other designing treatment for reuse of fracking fluid is not a one-size-fits-all operation. [2]

But the Ohio House is willing to overlook all of this and allow fossil fuel companies to sell fracking waste to be spread on roadways and call it a “beneficial” use.

As you may know, as many as 1,000 chemicals can be used during the fracking process and companies don’t have to tell the public what they are because they are considered “trade secrets.” Since we don’t have a list of these chemicals, there is no way to be sure harmful chemicals have been removed.

HB 393 is receiving opposition testimony in the Ohio House tomorrow. This is why I am asking you to call your Ohio House Member today and tell them not to expose our families to fracking waste!

Athens County News Covers this issue here.

This a section of the Revised Code  1509.22  is to be changed:

To amend section 1509.22 of the Revised Code to authorize a person to sell brine derived from an oil and gas operation that is processed as a commodity for use in surface application in deicing, dust suppression, and other applications.
Section 1. That section 1509.22 of the Revised Code be amended to read as follows:
Sec. 1509.22. (A) Except when…


(9)(a) Brine processed to remove free oil, dissolved volatile organic compounds, metals, and other contaminants in accordance with an order or permit issued under division (C) of this section is a commodity, and the person that received the order or that holds the permit may sell such a commodity for purposes of surface application in deicing, dust control, use in portable restrooms, or other purposes as specifically approved by the chief.
Prior to the issuance of a permit or order regarding such a commodity, the person shall demonstrate to the chief that the intended use of the commodity is not expected to result in damage or injury to public health, safety, or the environment. A person may submit a copy of any of the following to the chief, and such submission is sufficient to constitute the demonstration required by division (C)(9)(a) of this section:
(i) Documentation that the department of transportation has approved the commodity for deicing or snow control;
(ii) Documentation that the commodity, with or without a corrosion inhibitor, is listed on the most recent pacific northwest snowfighters qualified products list;
(iii) Documentation from a private certification entity approved by the department of transportation.
(b) The chief may establish reporting and testing requirements as are reasonably necessary to confirm that the production and use of the commodity complies with the requirements of this section. The chief may, at reasonable times, collect samples of the commodity. However, the chief shall not collect more than four samples of a commodity annually from a person who sells brine as a commodity as authorized under division (C)(9)(a) of this section.
(c) The chief shall not adopt rules or establish or impose additional requirements applicable to commodities governed by division (C)(9)(a) of this section.


Trump Re-Nominates Anti-Wildlife Climate Denier to Top Environment Post





The Trump administration re-nominated Kathleen Hartnett White on Monday to be chair of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) after she failed to secure a Senate confirmation last year.

The CEQ chair oversees environmental policy across all federal agencies. But during Senate hearings in November, White struggled to answer basic questions about the CEQ’s role and whether she would use facts in environmental recommendations to the president. She continues to deny that carbon dioxide is harmful to the planet.

“White is a disastrous candidate who will have a profoundly destructive effect on our climate and wildlife if given this job in the Trump administration,” said Stephanie Kurose, endangered species policy specialist at the Center for Biological Diversity. “Her extreme views and disturbing record should disqualify her from this crucial leadership position.”

White has previously argued there is a “moral case” for expanding fossil fuel development regardless of carbon dioxide emissions. She also claimed there is a “connection between the abolition of slavery and humanity’s first widespread use of energy from fossil fuels.”

In her current position at the Texas Public Policy Foundation—a conservative think tank that has received huge donations from fossil fuel interests that include Koch Industries, ExxonMobil and Chevron—White has worked to undermine the Endangered Species Act.

Nearly 50 organizations sent a letter to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works opposing White’s nomination. The letter expressed support for the Endangered Species Act, which has saved more than 99 percent of species under its protection from extinction and put hundreds of species on the path to recovery.

“White is yet another Trump appointee picked to lead an agency whose conservation mission she fundamentally rejects,” said Kurose. “Confirming her to this powerful position would be shortsighted and deeply irresponsible.”

The Trump administration also re-nominated Susan Combs to be assistant secretary of policy management and budget within the U.S. Department of the Interior. Combs—an outspoken opponent of federal endangered species protection—built her career by favoring big corporations and special interests over the needs and survival of imperiled species.




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