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This is the first issue of the Licking County Local Green Newsletter. You are receiving this because you attended the 2014 Solar Conference.

A Licking County Local Green Newsletter

These are both important and exciting times in the field of sustainability and renewable energy and this is meant to be a report from the local front line where so much is being done.
A short eight years ago the question was, “Will solar photovoltaics (electric) and other renewable energy sources ever be efficient and cost effective?” The question is been dramatically answered. Here in Licking there has been a surge in both small residential/commercial solar energy systems and large scale solar farms (Lakewood Schools for example). As you will read there is more to come but the answer to the efficiency and cost question is answered when utility companies as well as individuals are committed and eager to increase their solar and wind portfolios. Efficiencies have doubled, costs have decreased as much as 60-70% in the past eight years and the pace is only accelerating. Not only does all this activity bode well environmentally for our planet but we are witnessing the creation of a new green economy with the promise of wide scale work and jobs that were never envisioned before now.
There are many challenges to be sure. Only this year has seen the widespread use of storage for when the sun is not shining and the electric architecture to accommodate that need. Although storage systems have limited availability here in Licking County, there has and will be more deployment. This is important for not only the obvious reason stated but also because the economic payback for practitioners in the future is going to depend on self-consumption rather that export to the grid at large. This is a policy question and is being defined in such places as Hawaii, Nevada, Arizona, California, New York, Massachusetts, New Jersey and Maryland as well as here in Ohio. Here in Ohio we have experienced a multi-year “freeze” on the state policy meant to encourage the development of renewable resources, this to expire at the end of December of this year if no legislative action is taken. For profit shareholder owned utility companies are urgently trying to address this new reality of energy generation. The policy and political challenge has not deterred those on the front lines from the designers, developers, and manufacturers of the architecture and technology to the local grass roots users and practitioners.
Hope you enjoy reading about this handful of local projects which is only a small representation of all that is happening in our community.
This newsletter effort is dedicated to the local members of the Licking County Concerned Citizens for Public Health and Environment, and to all the children and grandchildren yet to come on this planet.
By—Richard Downs


In this issue:

  • This Newsletter
  • Denison Solar Array
  • Net Zero Energy Home
  • A Solar Array Enters Year Four
  • A House Just Right
  • Lakewood Schools Solar Arrays
  • Yes for Solar! Report
  • Denison Homestead

Denison’s 2 Mega Watt Solar Array

Approximately two years ago, Denison announced plans to develop a 2MW solar array on land that it owns adjacent to Welsh Hills Road.  From that time until now, the array has been a source of controversy within the Village of Granville and the Licking County community.  Neighbors to the array challenged rulings by the Village of Granville on the validity of the zoning permit for the array.   The process exposed the fact that the zoning code doesn’t have specific language in it for solar, or any renewables for that matter.  A trying and lengthy appeal process began over the interpretation of the Granville Codified Ordinances.  Quickly lost in the discussion was the why – why was Denison pursuing solar and what overall benefit would it have.
To Denison, the 2MW solar array would offset nearly 15% of its annual electricity usage – 2.6 million kWh of power – electricity that currently comes from coal fired power plants in Ohio.  This offset equates to 10% of Denison’s carbon footprint or 4.3 million fewer pounds of CO2 emissions.   These are big numbers to wrap your head around so let’s look at it a little differently.  This is the same amount of CO2  as 220,000 gallons of gasoline; enough power for 300 homes; and the carbon sequestration equivalent of 1800 acres of forest.  This is a big deal.  Denison, like many others in this community, believes that it has a responsibility to reduce its carbon emissions and look for alternative and greener methods for its energy needs.  This solar array is one of many steps the college is making to achieve its goal of carbon neutrality by 2030.
Perhaps more importantly though, this two year process has spawned numerous positive discussions about solar in our community and has led directly to the development of Licking County’s first pro-solar zoning rules adopted by Granville Township this past summer.  Among many things, the process has taught me that the community at large views solar positively. The hope moving forward is that large arrays like Denison’s and Lakewood School’s along with many smaller arrays popping up around the county will help people view solar as a viable option for our electric grid.
By—Jeremy King


What is a Net-Zero Energy Home?

The concept full-scale model home is a building whose amount of energy provided by on-site renewable energy sources is equal to the amount of energy used by the building.

 Mission Statement

Career & Technology Education Centers (C-TEC) of Licking County in partnership with M&A Architects will build a LEED certified Net Zero Energy Model Home on its campus. The process of designing, engineering, and constructing this home will utilize both the secondary and adult education students and will provide authentic, multi-disciplinary opportunities to focus on high energy efficiency and green building standards and materials. When complete, this Net Zero Energy Model Home will also serve as a showcase for local products, an educational center for the community and a unique, hands-on learning opportunity for faculty and incoming students to research energy efficiency and advanced world-class products.

 Why is C-TEC building a Net Zero Energy Model Home?

· Unique hands-on learning experience for faculty, incoming students, and staff

· Design, engineering and construction will utilize both secondary and adult students

· Authentic, multi-disciplinary opportunities to focus on high energy efficiency and green building standards and materials

· Will serve as a showcase for local products and industry expertise · Education center for the community

 Benefits of Net Zero in Society

· Economic – It saves money and conserves energy -lower utility bills and fewer repairs

· Social Benefits – Supplies a safe, comfortable environment for homeowners

· Environment – Improves air and water quality, reduces waste streams, conserves natural resources, and protects ecosystems

· Staying Current – With changing building codes and construction standards, it is the direction home building is headed


C-TEC began the planning process in 2011 to build a full-scale Net Zero Energy Model Home to serve the career-technical school district for future development of highly efficient and sustainable comprehensive study homes. These homes would be designed and implemented by students across various programs in both the high school and adult education division. The goal of the project, which will be paid for with “weighted funds” and no general fund money, will be to work towards achieving Net Zero Energy and LEED certification for C-TEC staff.
Academic and career-technical programs at C-TEC that can benefit from this project include both high school and adult education programs such as design/architectural, construction, electricity, HVAC/Plumbing, building products, technology, maintenance, horticulture, automotive, math and science, and renewable energy.
In May of 2013, C-TEC and its partners on the project broke ground at a site on the C-TEC campus moving the project forward.

 The project is being supported by:

· Owens-Corning

· M&A Architects

· Williams Creek

· Metro CD Engineering

· Sol Consulting

· Go Sustainable Energy

· Environmental Assessment Services, Inc.
Tina M. Trombley Training Coordinator C-TEC, Adult Education

You are Invited to:


Ribbon Cutting & Open House

Thursday October 27, 2016 @ 3:00 pm

At C-TEC (entrance #1) 150 Price Road Newark, OH

Home tours also available from 4:00—7:00 pm
Please RSVP by October 20, 2016 Call 740-364-2280 or

Email: In association with C-TEC of Licking County & Owens-Corning



A Solar Array enters Year Four

2013 installation of the Old Colony PV solar array at 226 South Main Street in Granville was a project of the Licking County Solar Co-op (  The 2.12 kW array was Installed on a garage roof just north of the Old Colony Burying Grounds (  A recent production curve below illustrates an especially good day for the array.  Not only does the curve track the sun’s motion across the sky but it documents the effect of trees that shade the roof morning and evening, the fact that the array is in Ohio and not Arizona, and that a cloud passed by briefly between 3 and 4 PM (look closely!).

In 2013 the average Ohio household paid about $1400 for about 11 MWh of electricity. The household served by Old Colony, after much attention to energy efficiency, used 2.63 MWh of electricity in the last 12 months. During that period about 500 kWh of electricity was sold to AEP at retail and about 500 kWh was purchased from AEP under the current net metering arrangement.  While Old Colony has quietly produced nearly 8 MWh of electricity since July 2013 solar installation costs have continued to fall.  Annual capacity of residential solar installed nationwide has increased from 800 MW in 2013 to a projected 2,800 MW in 2017.  However, 2017 installations are predicted to about match 2016 results.  Utility pushback, exemplified in Ohio by AEP’s current proposal to double its standard monthly customer charge from $8.40 to $18.40 and by state legislative actions on renewable energy standards.  SB 310 froze standards in 2014 and SB 320, to be acted on after the November election, would potentially weaken the position of residential solar.
Directly south of the Old Colony array, near the south boundary of the Old Colony Burying Grounds, stands one of the largest pin oaks in Ohio (shown below).  Climate change is real.  It is not a hoax. More aggressive responses to climate change are required. The “pin oaks” in our world cannot move. The Old Colony array grid-tied to AEP is a climate-appropriate technology that challenges current utility business models.   “Pin oaks” can’t move but business models can change.  It’s long past time that such change occurred.

By—Tom Evans


A house just right!

It’s time for a house that is just right. A quality built energy efficient house, a beautifully detailed Not So Big house clustered with others in a garden setting on village farmstead land, an intimacy of space, trees, and water. And those just right houses are soon to form a new neighborhood in the heart of Granville.

Village Roots, a Farmstead Neighborhood, will occupy five plus acres on West Broadway, land owned for more than 30 years by Tod and Evelyn Frolking and once part of the oldest farm just west of town. The location is unbeatable. Situated on the Rails to Trails bike path with the permanent green space of the village well fields to the south, Wildwood Park to the west, and downtown and shopping just a fifteen-minute walk to the east, the neighborhood will enjoy easy access, generous green space and well-tended gardens.
Village Roots isn’t just another housing development. It’s a way of life. For those who look to a future where people seek closeness with neighbors and nature, but with an eye towards a reality that demands conservation and sustainability, Village Roots will be that comfortable and just right home. Classic architecture, new construction, and energy efficiency describe the ten Not So Big houses of Village Roots.
Houses framed by Amish craftsmen will feature solar panels on standing seam metal roofs, and energy efficient features like low E windows, continuous rigid exterior insulation and open-cell foam within walls to minimize thermal bridging, tankless hot water heaters, and fiber cement board siding for maintenance free living. Designed as fee-simple homes with the support of a homeowner’s association, the neighborhood will be well managed on a new public street, Old Sycamore Lane. Further, as homes to age in place, all doors are 3’ wide and living space is complete on the first floor of these story and a half craftsmen style Not So Big bungalows. Porches, private patios, clotheslines, and a root cellar in the neighborhood’s barn all support and celebrate a conscientious appreciation of the environment.
Construction is set to begin soon. Information is available at
By—Evelyn Frolking


Lakewood Schools Solar Arrays

Construction Start Date: April 15, 2013 Completion Date:  November 18, 2014

Projected Savings in FY 2015: $16,689 Actual Savings in  FY 2015: $19,493 High School

Solar Energy Output: 796,800 kWh Jackson Intermediate School Solar Energy Output: 289,200 kWh

Together the Schools produce 1,086,000 kWh

Enough to Power 100 HOMES FOR A YEAR!

Or 524,505 50” Plasma TVs FOR A DAY!

img_20161102_162118329 img_20161102_162357271


Lakewood Schools Solar Array

Lakewood Schools Solar Array









The renewable energy created at the both the high school and JIS, is also creating a healthier environment. The energy output due to the solar arrays from the three buildings is equivalent to 22,625 trees cleansing the air of carbon dioxide for an entire year.
From their website.


Yes for Solar!

Working on the YES for Solar! was an experience of community in action. It all started with one person’s good idea. Last year Richard Downs came to our Licking County Concerned Citizen group and told us that the YES Club’s roof was perfectly positioned for solar panels. And when he offered to install the panels if we could help raise the money to purchase the materials, it was hard to say no. That’s when his good friend Jeremy King, a member of the Solar Coop and Sustainability Coordinator at Denison University, got involved, too.
As our group began to grow, we soon had Penny Sitler, Director of Mental Health America, and Connie Hawk, Director of the Licking County Foundation, working with our small group—and, so importantly, the staff and youth at the YES Club excited and ready to help. As we reached further into the community, more and more people got involved. A few examples:

· Licking County Foundation handled the monies we raised

· Denison University designed and printed our materials.

· The Granville Farmer’s Market promoted and featured our project

· The Newark Advocate did interviews and wrote feature stories

· The Sparta Restaurant and Project Main Street helped us with fundraisers

· Local artists contributed paintings to help raise funds

· Members of local churches told their congregations about the project and collected donations

· Service clubs, the Licking County Chamber of Commerce, the downtown Newark Business Association, and many community volunteers promoted our project through their networks of members

· Newark city officials guided and helped us through the permit process.
Within a 2 ½ months, more than $24,000 in cash was raised, along with the expertise and generous in-kind contributions from local roofing companies, contractors and electricians who worked with us. The results of this wonderful community effort are 42 shimmering, shiny, solar panels providing love and warmth to the YES Club youth. They are also the first solar array in downtown Newark. These panels will substantially reduce the YES Club’s utility bills for the next 25-30 years, AND as the YES Club youth monitor and learn about this new technology on their roof, they will be at the forefront of the future.

To our many contributors, we hope when you pass by these solar panels on the YES Club roof, you will proudly say, “I helped to make this happen.”
Thank you!!
Carol Apacki and Allen Schwartz, Coordinators, Licking County Concerned Citizens for Public Health and Environment


Yes Club First Year Annual Report

11.97 kW DC Solar Nameplate Capacity
15,314 kWh AC Produced   1.279 Production Ratio (Production/Capacity)

Equivalences:   $1,837.68 at $0.12 /kWh $2,450.24 at $0.16 /kWh   1-1/2 years of the Average American Families electrical use

The yearly life of 625 trees 12.5 Tons of Carbon not released into world

Gas Fueled Car- 1352 gallons of gas at $2.00/gallon-30 miles/gallon                             40,560 miles at $2,704

Electric Car 2,297 gallons of gas at $2.00/gallon-45 miles/charge                               68,913 miles at $4,594

Homestead Mission Statement

The Homestead is an ever-evolving experiment in community that is inhabited and maintained by Denison University students who have strong commitments to a socially and environmentally responsible way of life.  We choose to live simply by using only technology that we deem appropriate, by making every effort to be conscious of the social and environmental impacts of our consumption, and by continually reevaluating the pertinence of the technologies we use in our daily lives.  Our philosophies are brought to life through their practical application within the parameters of our academic setting.  The Homestead family encourages enrichment of the self and community through exploration and expression of our individual and collective creativity, ideas, emotions, and intellect; diverse perspectives are united by commonality of purpose and communal action.  Since 1977, the Homestead community has relied on year-round occupancy, consensus-based self-governance, and the transmission of knowledge, skills, and ethics vital to the continuation of the Homestead.  The Homestead strives to create a collective spirit that unites the Homestead past and present and to serve as a model of community and sustainability for the university and beyond.

Invitation to Celebrate

This year we are celebrating the 40th Anniversary of the Denison Homestead.  We invite you to attend the events this year, but we also invite you to participate in other ways.
The Homestead has been a residential option for students at Denison since its creation in 1977, and every semester up to twelve students live and work together there.  Students who live at the Homestead learn about and practice sustainable technologies, simplicity in life choices, consciousness about energy consumption and food production, and community decision making.  The students who live at the Homestead during their Denison careers learn and develop living and technological skills, ways of thinking, and social ideals that come from a unique living and learning experience.
On April 6-8, 2017, we will have a three day Homestead Festival.  On Thursday evening we will have an opening reception; on Friday, a Homestead alumni panel and a Museum exhibit opening; and on Saturday, a daylong festival at the Homestead including tours, food, music, art, mindfulness sessions, technological information, and guided conversations about the Homestead and its role at Denison.
We would welcome your participation in the Festival in a variety of ways:   First, thanks to the support of the Knowlton Center for Career Exploration, a group of Homestead alumni will speak on a panel on Friday, April 7 about the how the Homestead added to their liberal arts education and how those experiences shaped their life and career choices.  The alumni will also be available to speak in classes and to student groups and departments.  If you would like Homestead alumni to speak in your class, department, or student group on Friday, April 7, please get in touch.  When we finalize the list of alumni who will attend, we will reach out to specific departments.
Second, we welcome participation by everyone in the Denison community for the Saturday Homestead festival.  Would you like to develop a class project in your spring course that could be part of the Homestead festival?  We would love to collaborate with departments, faculty, and student groups who want to contribute through art and music as well as through research presentations and activities that address intentional communities, group dynamics and decision making, sustainable technologies, food production, mindfulness, or another area of research that seems pertinent to the Homestead.
Third, we hope you can come to the events and celebrate the anniversary of this unique Denison institution.
Sincerely, Linda Krumholz Chair of the Homestead Advisory Board (HAB)Professor of English Denison University


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