The different kinds of weather you might experience in these regions are caused by moving patterns in the Earth’s atmospheric and oceanic circulation, unequal heating of the Earth, and the rotation of the Earth on its tilted axis. …
What are the three main factors that help shape a regional climate?
Factors that Control Regional Climate: Circulation in the Atmosphere
- The shape, tilt, and orbit of Earth. Earth’s energy imbalance. …
- circulation : movement or flow within a system; the large-scale movement of air or ocean currents. easterlies : winds that blow from the east; trade winds.
How are regional climate patterns caused by atmospheric and oceanic flows?
Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … Land areas also absorb some sunlight, and the atmosphere helps to retain heat that would otherwise quickly radiate into space after sunset.
What factors influence regional climates?
The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.
What is a climate region?
Climate is determined by the long-term pattern of temperature and precipitation averages and extremes at a location. … Climate descriptions can refer to areas that are local, regional, or global in extent.
How the climate of any region is affected by the geography?
Topographical features like mountains affect the weather mostly in the way that they direct air currents. … An area’s latitude on the surface of the Earth (location in terms of north and south) also affects the weather, because it changes the intensity of the sun’s light that the area receives.
What are regional climate forces?
They are characterized by their temperature and humidity, which is a result of their place of origin or source region. Air masses are one of the primary forces that control a region’s weather.
How do climates and the controls of climate variability vary between the tropics and the middle and high latitudes?
Tropical latitudes are typically warmer than middle and high latitudes and have precipitation controlled by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. Details. … This zone controls the climate in the tropics. The tropics are closer to the equator, this means that they are warmer than the mid-latitudes and the high latitudes.
What are the four factors that affect local and regional climates?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
How do you determine a climate zone?
Climate zones are determined by the coldest average winter temperature the geographical area typically experiences. You can see the coldest temps and their zones here, further divided into A (colder half of the zone) and B (warmer half of the zone).
How many climate regions are there?
There are five general climate regions: tropical (low latitude), dry, mid-latitude, high latitude, and highland. Dry and highland cli- mates occur at several different latitudes. Within the five regions, there are variations that geographers divide into smaller zones.
Why is a climate of a region important?
Studying the climate helps us predict how much rain the next winter might bring, or how far sea levels will rise due to warmer sea temperatures. … We can also see which regions are most likely to be affected by extreme weather, or which wildlife species are threatened by climate change.