Central Africa is characterized by hot and wet climates on both sides of the Equator. The equatorial strip that extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Western Rift Valley is influenced throughout the year by the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), resulting in intense, heavy precipitation.
What type of climate is found in Africa?
Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.
What are the 4 types of climate in Africa?
The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.
What are the major climate zones of central Africa?
The C.A.R. has three geographically defined climatic zones: a tropical climate in the equatorial forest of the south, an inter-tropical climate in the center, and a sub-sahelian (arid and desert-type) climate in the north. There are generally two distinct seasons: rainy and dry.
What is the climate in West and Central Africa?
In the Central African Republic, a country located south of the Sahara and north of the Equator, the climate is tropical, hot all year round, with a dry season in winter. The rainy season, which lasts for most of the year in the south, is limited to the summer months in the north.
What is the climate of northern Africa?
Current Climatology of North Africa
Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.
What is the weather and climate in Africa?
North Africa has an arid desert climate, with high temperatures and very little precipitation (although temperatures in the mountains and the Sahara at nighttime can drop below freezing). … East Africa also has distinct dry and rainy seasons, while Southern Africa is generally more temperate.
What defines climate?
Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather can change from hour-to-hour, day-to-day, month-to-month or even year-to-year. A region’s weather patterns, usually tracked for at least 30 years, are considered its climate.
What is the climate of Antarctica?
Antarctica’s average annual temperature ranges from about −10 °C on the coast to −60 °C at the highest parts of the interior. Near the coast, the temperature can exceed +10 °C in summer and fall to below −40 °C in winter. Over the elevated inland, it can rise to about −30 °C in summer but fall below −80 °C in winter.
What is the climate like in Eastern Africa?
The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations. … The region’s vegetation ranges from woodlands and grasslands in the wetter regions to thornbushes in semiarid areas.
What is the climate in South Africa?
South Africa’s climatic conditions generally range from Mediterranean in the southwestern corner of South Africa to temperate in the interior plateau, and subtropical in the northeast. A small area in the northwest has a desert climate. Most of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights.
What is climate in West Africa?
Climate. West Africa has wet and dry seasons resulting from the interaction of two migrating air masses. … The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C.
What is the climate in the Sahara?
The Sahara is dominated by two climatic regimes: a dry subtropical climate in the north and a dry tropical climate in the south. The dry subtropical climate is characterized by unusually high annual and diurnal temperature ranges, cold to cool winters and hot summers, and two precipitation maximums.
What are the three main types of climate in West Africa?
1.1 General overview
The climate across West Africa varies from arid desert conditions in the north to humid tropical monsoon conditions along the coastal regions in the south. A semi-arid transect is located in the Sahel region, extending from northern Nigeria in the east to Senegal in the west.