How does biodiversity impact the sustainability of an aquatic ecosystem?

The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem. A great variety of genes and species means that the ecosystem is better able to carry out natural processes in the face of external stress. Thus, the ecosystem is more sustainable.

How does biodiversity lead to sustainability?

Biodiversity is essential for sustainable development and human well-being. It underpins the provision of food, fibre and water; it mitigates and provides resilience to climate change; it supports human health, and provides jobs in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and many other sectors.

What is biodiversity in aquatic ecosystem?

Aquatic biodiversity can be defined as the variety of life and the ecosystems that make up the freshwater, tidal, and marine regions of the world and their interactions. Aquatic biodiversity encompasses freshwater ecosystems, including lakes, ponds, reservoirs, rivers, streams, groundwater, and wetlands.

How is biodiversity related to ecosystem stability and sustainability?

It has been shown that biodiversity of an area has a large impact on the ecosystem stability of that area. … This increase in complexity makes it more likely that the ecosystem will return to a stable state after a disturbance, because the ecosystem has more ways to respond to a disturbance and fix problems.

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In what ways does biodiversity impact an ecosystem?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, has an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all forms of life.

Why is biodiversity important in sustaining an ecosystem?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

Why is biodiversity important for sustainable development and why sustainable development is important for biodiversity?

Biodiversity underpins the provision of food, fibre and water; it mitigates and provides resilience to climate change; it supports human health, and provides jobs in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and many other sectors.

Why marine biodiversity is important?

Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation. …

What are the factors affecting aquatic ecosystem?

Factors that affect aquatic ecosystems include water flow rate, salinity, acidity, oxygen, light levels, depth, and temperature.

What makes an ecosystem with high biodiversity low biodiversity?

When an ecosystem has high biodiversity it is always more stable than an ecosystem that has low biodiversity. … Low biodiversity is when there are a few prominent species and a low number of other species within the habitat. High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.

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What is the effect of biodiversity on ecosystem productivity?

According to the insurance hypothesis, biodiversity insures ecosystems against declines in their functioning because many species provide greater guarantees that some will maintain functioning even if others fail.

Why does the biodiversity of an ecosystem affect its resilience?

Diversity-Stability Theory

Biologically diverse communities are also more likely to contain species that confer resilience to that ecosystem because as a community accumulates species, there is a higher chance of any one of them having traits that enable them to adapt to a changing environment.