potentially devastating impacts of climate change in East Africa will be changes in the frequency, intensity, and predictability of precipitation. Changes in regional precipitation will ultimately affect water availability and may lead to decreased agricultural production and potentially widespread food shortages.
How does climate affect Africa?
Increases in temperature and changes in rainfall patterns also significantly affect population health across Africa. Warmer temperatures and higher rainfall increase habitat suitability for biting insects and the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as dengue fever, malaria and yellow fever.
What factors influence climates in East Africa?
The primary factors affecting the climates experienced in East Africa include altitude, the proximity of the warm Indian Ocean, the migration of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and the location of dominant atmospheric high and low pressure systems.
How would you describe the climate of East Africa?
The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations. … The region’s vegetation ranges from woodlands and grasslands in the wetter regions to thornbushes in semiarid areas.
How is climate change affecting African countries?
Climate change has affected energy sectors in Africa as many countries depend on hydropower generation. Decreasing rainfall levels and droughts have resulted in lower water levels in dams with adverse impacts on hydropower generation.
How does climate change affect North Africa?
The impact of climate change is increasing exponentially across the world, and Africa will be one of the hardest-hit regions. North Africa is expected to face increasing temperatures, droughts, and decreasing and/or varying levels of rainfall and groundwater levels.
How does climate change affect South Africa?
Higher temperatures and a reduction in rainfall expected as a result of climate change will reduce already depleted water resources, contributing to an increasing number of droughts in the country. South Africa’s development is highly dependent on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture and forestry.
What are the 4 main factors that affect the climate of Africa?
The most important natural factors are:
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
What influences weather and climate?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
How does temperature affect climate?
Higher temperatures mean that heat waves are likely to happen more often and last longer, too. … Warmer temperatures can also lead to a chain reaction of other changes around the world. That’s because increasing air temperature also affects the oceans, weather patterns, snow and ice, and plants and animals.
How does climate affect the vegetation of Africa?
Plant life is influenced by the amount of rainfall. … In some areas, like the Sahel zone, there are large differences in rainfall every year. In the last decades droughts have caused hunger and starvation in many part of the Sahel and Ethiopia. Rainfall influences Africa’s agriculture.
What is the climate in the Eastern?
Type A & B. Type A climates are better known as being humid tropical climates. In the Eastern Hemisphere, much of central Africa has a type A climate. These climates involve a lot of rainfall and have a temperate climate, with the coolest month of the year reaching around 18 degrees C (65 degrees F).
What climate does Africa have?
Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.
When did climate change start affecting Africa?
Africa has been dealing with the impacts of climate change since the 1970s.
How is climate change affecting countries?
These impacts include retreating glaciers, longer growing seasons, species range shifts, and heat wave-related health impacts. Future impacts of climate change are projected to negatively affect nearly all European regions. Many economic sectors, such as agriculture and energy, could face challenges.
What are the 5 effects of climate change?
What are the effects of climate change and global warming?
- rising maximum temperatures.
- rising minimum temperatures.
- rising sea levels.
- higher ocean temperatures.
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers.
- thawing permafrost.