How does latitude and altitude affect climate quizlet?

How does latitude affect climate? The lower the latitude, the warmer the temperatures. As latitude increases, temperature decreases. … As altitude increases, temperature decreases.

How does latitude and altitude affect climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.

How does latitude affect climate factors that affect climate?

How does latitude affect climate? Places with latitudes closer to the Equator have hotter climates. Places with latitudes closer to the Poles have colder climates. … Warm currents flow towards the poles, cool, and flow back to the Equator to be warmed again.

How does higher altitude affect climate?

Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

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How does latitude and altitude influence India’s climate?

Latitude: As the earth is round, sunlight does not reach everywhere equally. The temperature decreases as we move from the equator to the poles. Altitude: As we move from the surface of the earth to the higher altitudes, the temperature decreases. … Thus, it influences the temperature accordingly.

How does latitude and longitude affect weather and climate?

Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps humans identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles.

How does the altitude of a place affect its temperature?

As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands), and the temperature decreases.

How does the latitude affect climate in the polar regions?

The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. The maximum annual temperature of the Earth, showing a roughly gradual temperature gradient from the low to the high latitudes. … The polar regions receive the least solar radiation.

How does altitude and land topography affect climate?

The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.

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What is the effect of altitude in India?

India has mountains to the north which have an average height of about 6,000 mts. The Himalayas prevent the cold winds from Central Asia, from entering the subcontinent. It is due to these mountains that the Indian subcontinent experiences comparatively milder winters as compared to Central Asia.

What are the main factors affecting the climate of India?

Factors Influencing Indian Climate

  • Latitudinal location.
  • Distance from the Sea.
  • The Himalayas.
  • Physiography.
  • Monsoon Winds.
  • Upper Air Circulation.
  • El Nino and La Nina.
  • Tropical Cyclones and Western Disturbances.

What are the factors which affect the climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climate

  • distance from the sea.
  • ocean currents.
  • direction of prevailing winds.
  • shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
  • distance from the equator.
  • the El Niño phenomenon.