How does location affect India’s climate?

Indian climate resembles the climate of a tropical country. The mainland of India extends between 8°N to 37°N. Areas south of the Tropic of Cancer are in tropics and hence receive high solar insolation. … Coastal regions see moderate climatic conditions irrespective of latitudinal position.

How does location affect its climate?

The distance from the equator affects the climate of a place. At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth’s surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. This means the climate is cooler further from the Equator.

How do the location and extent of India affect the climate?

Its location is responsible in receiving monsoonal rainfall in summer. The effect of extent on climate : Due to its vast north-south extent, the temperature varies. There is hardly any winter season in Peninsular India, but winters are severe in the north.

How does distance from the sea affect the climate of India?

Distance from the sea: Coastal regions are cooler as compared to interior regions. As the distance from the sea increases, its influence decreases and the people experience extreme weather conditions.

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How do valleys affect climate?

The temperature is often warmer during the day in the valley since the elevation is lower. Air that sinks into the valley will also warm due to adiabatic descent. During the night, the opposite can occur. Since colder air is denser it will have a tendency to sink to the lower elevations in the valley.

How do these winds affect the climate of India?

Air pressure and surface winds: India lies in the region of north easterly winds. … As these winds blow over the warm ocean, they gather moisture and bring rainfall in the country. Distance form the Sea: Since coastal areas experience the effect of the land and the sea breeze, they have a moderate kind of climate.

How does continental location affect climate?

Continental Position

For a location to have a true maritime climate, the winds must most frequently come off the sea. A continental climate is more extreme, with greater temperature differences between day and night and between summer and winter.

How do mountains affect the climate of a region?

Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.

How does flat land affect climate?

Land at higher latitudes receives less concentrated solar radiation due to the smaller angle at which the Sun’s rays arrive at the surface. This makes their climates generally cooler than land near the equator.

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