Biodiversity, a contraction of biological diversity, is a recently invented term whose origins are readily traceable. The invention of the term ‘biodiversity’ coincides with the emergence, in the 1980s, of two new scientific fields, genetic engineering and conservation biology.
What subject is biodiversity?
Biodiversity is species, genetic and ecosystem diversity
Biodiversity is not only the sum of all ecosystems, species and genetic material. Rather, it represents the variability within and among them.
Is biodiversity the same as biology?
Biodiversity, abbreviated from the terms ‘biological’ and ‘diversity’, encompasses the variety of lifeforms found at all scales of biological organisation, ranging from genes to species to ecosystems.
How do scientist define biodiversity?
Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. … Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. Scientists have estimated that there are around 8.7 million species of plants and animals in existence.
What is an example of biodiversity in science?
Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
Who are the scientists behind the evolution of biodiversity?
Charles Darwin  identified the first principle of the origin of modern biodiversity, namely that all species were linked in a single great phylogeny, or tree of life, and that all could be traced back to a presumed single original species at some distant time in the geological past.
What is biodiversity Mcq?
Biodiversity is composed of all living organisms wherein each of them plays a significant role in their habitat. Also, all components of biodiversity are interdependent and must coordinate for sustainable living. … These are some important MCQs based on biodiversity and its conservation.
What is biodiversity short answer?
Biodiversity can be described as the sum total of all plants and animals found in a particular area. It is basically a measure of all variations found at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level. It is mainly influenced by the environmental, geographical, climatic and topographical conditions of an area.
What is biodiversity for kids?
Biodiversity is the rich variety of life on Earth. There’s variety in genes, variety among species, and a variety of ecosystems. Everything is interconnected, or dependent on everything else!
What is the difference between diversity and biodiversity?
Diversity is the general term which means state of being diverse or different. Diversity is the general term which means state of being diverse or different. Biodiversity is the biological term that means different variety of living organisms present in the biosphere.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.
What is the most megadiverse country?
The most megadiverse country in the world is Brazil due mainly to the presence of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon has the most diverse plant and animal life on the planet, with many different life forms not being present anywhere else on earth.