The lands and waters of the Chesapeake Bay drainage basin provide economically valuable benefits, including flood protection, water supply and filtration, food, waste treatment, climate regulation, recreation, and aesthetic value.
What ecosystem services does the Chesapeake Bay provide?
The Chesapeake Bay watershed has a wide variety of complex ecosystems including: Navigation The Chesapeake Bay watershed has a wide variety of complex ecosystems including:
- Rivers & Streams.
- Aquatic Reefs & Pilings.
- Beaches & Tidal Flats.
- Marshes & Wetlands.
- Open & Shallow Waters.
Why is the Chesapeake Bay important ecologically?
The Chesapeake Bay’s ecosystem impacts the quality of the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat. It’s wetlands protect communities from extreme weather such as erosion, flood waters and storm surges. And the trees that sprawl from the Bay shores and forests cool our communities.
What does the Chesapeake Bay give us?
The bay itself is popular for boating and recreational fishing. The Chesapeake’s commercial fishery is worth billions of dollars and includes blue crabs, rockfish, menhaden, and eastern oysters. The bay also includes two of the biggest East Coast commercial ports—Baltimore and Hampton Roads.
What ecosystem services does water provide?
Freshwater ecosystems also provide several regulating services, like groundwater recharge, flood regulation, microclimate regulation, carbon sequestration, water quality control (Bullock and Acreman 2003; Aldous et al. 2011; Tomscha et al.
What biome is the Chesapeake Bay?
The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary (leaving MDE) and is the largest ecosystem of its kind in the United States. Estuaries are partially enclosed coastal bodies of water that occur where freshwater from streams and rivers mixes with saltwater from the ocean.
What are the economic resources of the Chesapeake Bay?
The protection and restoration of the Chesapeake Bay and its streams and rivers are essential to a healthy and vibrant economy. The Bay provides countless opportunities and dollars in regards to its fishing, tourism, real estate, and shipping industries.
What organisms live in the Chesapeake Bay?
It supports blue crabs, horshoe crabs and American oysters. In fact, humans get over 500 million pounds of seafood from the Bay each year! Sea turtles, eels, dolphins, rays, seahorses, and jellyfish also fill the Bay waters. And hundreds of thousands of birds call Chesapeake Bay their home.
What is the eco system?
An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscape, work together to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts. … Abiotic factors include rocks, temperature, and humidity.
What type of habitat is found at and around the Chesapeake Bay?
Tidal wetlands, found along the Bay’s shores, are filled with salt or brackish water when the tide rises. Non-tidal wetlands contain fresh water. Just like forests, wetlands act as important buffers, absorbing and slowing the flow of polluted runoff to the Bay and its tributaries.
What is the importance of a bay?
Significance of Bays
Bays are important in many ways. Strong winds and waves are blocked by the land surrounding the bays. As a result, it helps in reducing the damage which would have been caused by the waves and winds. Besides, bays were significant in the past especially in the history of human settlement.
What do the tourism and recreation industries bring to the Chesapeake Bay economy?
Employers in recreation and tourism in the region support over 820,800 jobs and over $13 billion in income annually; another 20,000 self-employed participants also attribute to this industry.
What is an important natural resource of the Chesapeake Bay?
The Chesapeake Bay is a commercial and recreational resource for more than 15 million people who live in and near its watershed (drainage basin). The bay produces approximately 500 million pounds of oysters, crabs, and other seafood per year.
What are the 3 ecosystem services?
More About Ecosystem Services
- Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
- Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
- Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.
What are the 4 ecosystem services?
Four Types of Ecosystem Services
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), a major UN-sponsored effort to analyze the impact of human actions on ecosystems and human well-being, identified four major categories of ecosystem services: provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services.
What are 5 examples of ecosystem services?
Examples of ecosystem services include products such as food and water, regulation of floods, soil erosion and disease outbreaks, and non-material benefits such as recreational and spiritual benefits in natural areas.