Biodiversity underpins the health of the planet and has a direct impact on all our lives. Put simply, reduced biodiversity means millions of people face a future where food supplies are more vulnerable to pests and disease, and where fresh water is in irregular or short supply.
Why does biodiversity need to be protected?
Healthy ecosystems clean our water, purify our air, maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients and provide us with food. … Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations.
What are the effects of loss of biodiversity?
Biodiversity loss can have significant direct human health impacts if ecosystem services are no longer adequate to meet social needs. Indirectly, changes in ecosystem services affect livelihoods, income, local migration and, on occasion, may even cause or exacerbate political conflict.
Why is it important to help protect the environment?
It is critical to protect the environment so as to reduce the destruction of eco-systems caused by a myriad of anthropogenic activities. … Air and water pollution, global warming, smog, acid rain, deforestation, wildfires are just few of the environmental issues that we are facing right now.
How can biodiversity be protected?
Maintain wetlands by conserving water and reducing irrigation. Avoid draining water bodies on your property. Construct fences to protect riparian areas and other sensitive habitats from trampling and other disturbances. Manage livestock grazing to maintain good quality range conditions.
Why does it matter if biodiversity is lost in an ecosystem?
A loss of biodiversity makes an environment less resilient. With each new species that enters the ecosystem comes a slightly different nutrient draw from the soil, a different food source for another species, differing plant heights and root depths etc.
Why biodiversity loss is an important global issue?
Biodiversity loss disrupts the functioning of ecosystems, making them more vulnerable to perturbations and less able to supply humans with needed services. … To stop ecosystem degradation, the full contribution made by ecosystems to both poverty alleviation efforts and to national economies must be clearly demonstrated.
What are the causes and consequences of loss of biodiversity?
Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming. In each case, human beings and their activities play direct roles.
Why is biodiversity important 5 Reasons?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. … A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
How does human benefit from biodiversity and in turn protect biodiversity?
The services these species provide contribute to the delicately-running natural cycles that help make earth habitable to humans and contribute to our way of life in many ways, from providing us food and pharmaceuticals to helping reduce the impact of natural disasters such as floods. …
How can you protect biodiversity as a student?
10 Ways to Protect and Conserve Biodiversity
- Government legislation.
- Nature preserves.
- Reducing invasive species.
- Habitat restoration.
- Captive breeding and seed banks.
- Reduce climate change.
- Purchase sustainable products.
What is loss of biodiversity?
Biodiversity loss refers to the decline or disappearance of biological diversity, understood as the variety of living things that inhabit the planet, its different levels of biological organisation and their respective genetic variability, as well as the natural patterns present in ecosystems.