Evans’ large and diverse body of research reveals that the effects of the physical environment—noise level, overcrowding, and housing and neighborhood quality—are as significant for children’s development as psychosocial characteristics such as relationships with parents and peers.
What are environmental factors that affect child development?
Environmental factors that influence growth and development in humans include childhood housing arrangements, family income, educational opportunities, interpersonal relationships and employment-related factors, according to Best Start, Ontario’s Maternal Newborn and Early Child Development Resource Centre.
What are physical and environmental factors?
The factors in the physical environment that are important to health include harmful substances, such as air pollution or proximity to toxic sites (the focus of classic environmental epidemiology); access to various health-related resources (e.g., healthy or unhealthy foods, recreational resources, medical care); and …
How does environment affect physical development?
Frequently, physical environmental factors, like exposure to toxins or substances before or after birth, can impact a child’s physical development. Problems associated with this kind of exposure might be low birth weight, premature birth, or major long-term medical problems.
What are the effects of environment on growth and development?
Over the past 100 years, the study of environmental influences on human physical growth and development has focused on the influences of social and economic factors; family and household characteristics; urbanization/modernization; nutrition; and features of the physical environment such as altitude, temperature and …
Why are physical factors important in sustaining life in the environment?
Importance of Physical and Chemical Attributes
Physical and chemical attributes influence and sustain ecological systems. They have driven the evolutionary history of species, and they continue to drive ecological processes, shape the conditions in which species live, and govern the very nature of ecological systems.
What are the benefits of physical environment?
Research has shown that the physical environment impacts health and well-being [32, 33, 34]. Previous research within residential care facilities has demonstrated that aspects of the physical environment such as lighting, noise levels and access to nature can improve older people’s sleep and orientation.
Why is physical learning environment important?
A well-maintained and safe physical environment fosters students’ ability to learn, to show improved achievement scores, and to exhibit appropriate behavior. Decent, safe, and secure facilities are essential to successful educational programs.
How does the physical environment affect a child’s learning?
A well-arranged environment should enhance children’s development through learning and play. … A positive physical environment allows children to grow and develop through activities, colours and textures. Poorly designed learning environments in childcare can have a negative effect on a child’s learning experience.
What physical factors affect development?
Physical factors – some areas have a hostile or difficult landscape. This can make development more difficult. Examples of this are very hot climates or arid climates (with a lack of water) which make it difficult to grow sufficient food. Economic factors – some countries have very high levels of debt .
How do environmental factors affect children’s behavior?
Children learn from their environment by imitating the social behavior of the people around, and what they see in their day to day environment influences their social behavior. … Living in an organized social environment increases the chances that a child will develop social relationships.
What is physical development?
Physical development includes both growth and the ability to use muscles and body parts for particular skills. Both gross (large muscle movements) and fine (small movements) motor skills contribute to physical development, and children often learn a set of skills by a certain age.
Which is an example of environmental influence on development?
One example of an environmental influence on development is; a person’s mother was exposed to German measles and the person is blind. A baby is most likely to have fetal alcohol syndrome; when he/she has been exposed to alcohol.
How is environment influence child and adolescent development?
The family environment can be a strong source of support for developing adolescents, providing close relationships, strong parenting skills, good communication, and modeling positive behaviors.