The dominant climatic factor for most of South Asia is… the monsoon, the seasonal change of wind direction that corresponds to wet and dry periods.
What is the climate of South Asia?
The climate of South Asia can be divided into three basic kinds: tropical, dry, and temperate. The northeast is from tropical to subtropical (temperate). Moving west the moisture and elevation change, causing a steppe and a desert climate that is like the Middle East.
Which climate is found in the most part of Asia?
Polar, subarctic, and temperate climates occur along the continent’s northern and northeastern fringes; arid and highland climates occur in the continent’s interior and southwestern reaches; and a mix of grassland and tropical rainforest climates occur along its southern fringe.
Which type of climate is found mainly in the south and the South East Asia?
Which type of climate is found mainly in the South and Southeast Asia? All of Southeast Asia experience a warm, humid tropical climate characterized by monsoons and plenty of rainfall throughout the year.
Where is orographic rainfall most common in South Asia?
These help moisture accumulate in the winds during the hot season. The presence of abundant highlands like the Western Ghats and the Himalayas right across the path of the southwest monsoon winds. These are the main cause of the substantial orographic precipitation throughout the subcontinent.
What is Asia’s climate?
The climate of Asia is dry across its southwestern region, with dry across much of the interior. … The southwestern region of the continent experiences low relief as a result of the subtropical high pressure belt; they are hot in summer, warm to cool in winter, and may snow at higher altitudes.
What is the dominant type of vegetation in southern most part of Asia?
Answer: Vegetation in Southeast Asia has more diversity than most places in the world. Vegetation varies from evergreen forests to deciduous forests, which are usually harvested.
What is the climate of southeast Asia?
All of Southeast Asia experience a warm, humid tropical climate characterized by monsoons and plenty of rainfall throughout the year. However, Myanmar and Laos mountainous regions, as well as Northern Vietnam, experience a subtropical climate.
What are three factors that affect climate in Southeast Asia?
Factors that Influence Climate
- Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
- Prevailing global wind patterns. …
- Topography. …
- Effects of Geography. …
- Surface of the Earth. …
- Climate change over time.
Why is the climate of South and Southeast Asia called tropical monsoon climate?
The major controlling factor over a tropical monsoon climate is its relationship to the monsoon circulation. The monsoon is a seasonal change in wind direction. In Asia, during the summer (or high-sun season) there is an onshore flow of air (air moving from ocean towards land).
Which type of climate is found to the south of the Tropic of Capricorn in Brazil?
A temperate climate is found in the south of tropic of Capricorn in Brazil.
How many major climate zones does South Asia have?
South Asia mainly consists of four climate zones. The northern Indian edge, as well as the upland and mountainous part of Pakistan, has a dry continental, subtropical climate. The far south of India and southwest Sri Lanka are located in the zone of equatorial climates.
What is the climate like in South America?
In general, the weather in South America is hot and humid. Countries in the Amazon baisn like Northern Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela have are dominated by rainforest and have consistent hot and humid weather year-round with high rainfall. … The climate in South America is much more volatile further south.
What is the most important factor in climate?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.
What makes South Asia a region?
South Asia is the southern region of Asia, which is defined in both geographical and ethno-cultural terms. The region consists of the countries of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
Why orographic rainfall is predominant in hilly regions?
As the air rises and cools, orographic clouds form and serve as the source of the precipitation, most of which falls upwind of the mountain ridge. … Very heavy precipitation typically occurs upwind of a prominent mountain range that is oriented across a prevailing wind from a warm ocean.