What is the ecosystem diversity of the tropical rainforest?

Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.

What is the ecosystem of the tropical rainforest?

The tropical rainforest biome has four main characteristics: very high annual rainfall, high average temperatures, nutrient-poor soil, and high levels of biodiversity (species richness). Rainfall: The word “rainforest” implies that these are the some of the world’s wettest ecosystems.

What is an ecosystem service of a tropical forest?

Tropical forests house approximately two thirds of the planet’s terrestrial biodiversity [1] and provide many ecosystem services (ES) that are essential to human well-being [1–3], such as CO2 fixation [4,5], water supply and flood control [6], soil maintenance and ecotourism [2,7].

What are the ecosystems?

An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscape, work together to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts. … Abiotic factors include rocks, temperature, and humidity.

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How does a rainforest ecosystem work?

Rainforests are often called the lungs of the planet for their role in absorbing carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, and producing oxygen, upon which all animals depend for survival. Rainforests also stabilize climate, house incredible amounts of plants and wildlife, and produce nourishing rainfall all around the planet.

What are the different ecosystem services?

Four Types of Ecosystem Services

  • Provisioning Services. When people are asked to identify a service provided by nature, most think of food. Fruits, vegetables, trees, fish, and livestock are available to us as direct products of ecosystems. …
  • Regulating Services. …
  • Cultural Services. …
  • Supporting Services.

What are examples of ecosystem services?

Examples of ecosystem services include products such as food and water, regulation of floods, soil erosion and disease outbreaks, and non-material benefits such as recreational and spiritual benefits in natural areas.

What is the importance of forest ecosystem?

Forests are major contributors to the Earth’s ability to maintain its climate, by the global impact of their photosynthesis. They are a natural defense against climate change, removing the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and generating oxygen. This assists in purifying the atmosphere and controlling rising temperatures.

What is the ecosystem diversity?

Ecosystem Diversity can be defined as the variety of different habitats, communities and ecological processes. A biological community is defined by the species that occupy a particular area and the interactions between those species.

What is ecosystem and example?

An ecosystem is a community of living and non-living things that work together – it consists of abiotic (soil, water, air) and biotic parts (flora, fauna). … An ecosystem can be as large as a desert or as small as a tree. The major parts of an ecosystem are: water, water temperature, plants, animals, air, light and soil.

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What is ecosystem and components of ecosystem?

An ecosystem is a group or community composed of living and non-living things and their interactions with each other. … Every ecosystem has two components, namely, biotic components and abiotic components. Biotic components refer to all living organisms in an ecology while abiotically refers to the non-living things.

What are the ecosystems in the Amazon rainforest?

Reflecting environmental conditions as well as past human influence, the Amazon is made up of a mosaic of ecosystems and vegetation types including rainforests, seasonal forests, deciduous forests, flooded forests, and savannas.