Biodiversity refers to the variety of life. When biodiversity is high, it means there are many different types of organisms and species. … And every organism plays a unique role and contributes to how coral reef communities survive and function.
Why is it called high biodiversity?
Wetlands have been called “biological super systems” because they produce great volumes of food that support a remarkable level of biodiversity. In terms of number and variety of species supported, they are as rich as rainforests and coral reefs.
What happens when biodiversity is high?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.
What is high biodiversity example?
Examples of places with high biodiversity include rainforests and coral reefs, because they have many different species in an area. Less biodiverse areas include deserts, icy areas, and the bottom of the ocean. Organisms do exist in those places, but not as many as places with higher biodiversity.
Is it high or low biodiversity?
High biodiversity, with many species present, is good. It usually means that an ecosystem is healthy and relatively undisturbed by humans. Low biodiversity is characteristic of an unhealthy or degraded environment.
Why is high biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
Why wetlands have a high biodiversity?
Wetlands have a high level of biodiversity because of the amount of resources available. The high levels of accessible water, nutrient levels, and primary productivity allow for a large number and variety of organisms at the base of the food web.
What causes high diversity?
One of the most significant and naturally occurring causes of differences in biodiversity across the world is differences in climate. … On the other extreme, moist, tropical zones like the Amazon rainforest support some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.
What places have high biodiversity?
17 most biodiverse places on earth
- The Daintree, Queensland, Australia. 638. …
- Cloud forests of Ecuador. …
- The Amazon, Amazon-North, Brazil. …
- Alaska’s backcountry, United States. …
- Sapo National Park, Monrovia, Liberia. …
- Monteverde Park, Costa Rica. …
- Mt. …
- Sinharaja Forest, Sabaragamuwa, Sri Lanka.
What increases biodiversity?
As a general rule, increasing biodiversity can be achieved by diversifying the range of habitats or vegetation structures available at a site. This can be achieved by, for example, varying mowing regimes, planting or seeding with native tree and shrub species, or occasional soil disturbance.
Is rice field high biodiversity?
The rice field has a surprisingly great biodiversity, perhaps the greatest of any tropical rainfed system, where Heckman (1979) recorded a total of 589 species of organisms in a rice field in Thailand. … Rice fields also serve as the habitat for birds and wildlife for part or all of their life cycle.