What is the rank of India in mega biodiversity in the world?

India’s place in mega diversity in countries of the world is 12th.

What is the rank of India in biodiversity in the world?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

What are the 12 mega diversity countries of the world?

Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.

Is India one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world?

India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.

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Why India called mega diversity country?

The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.

What is mega biodiversity?

The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species. … Megadiversity means exhibiting great biodiversity. The main criterion for megadiverse countries is endemism at the level of species, genera and families.

Which country is top mega diverse?

The most megadiverse country in the world is Brazil due mainly to the presence of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon has the most diverse plant and animal life on the planet, with many different life forms not being present anywhere else on earth.

Which country has the highest biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity of the world and is being divided into?

India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. The country is divided into 10 biogeographic regions. … About 4,900 species of flowering plants are endemic to the country. These are distributed among 141 genera belonging to 47 families.

How many hotspots of biodiversity are there in the world?

There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.

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Is India a mega diversity country?

India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).

How many hotspots are there in India 2021?

Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.