There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles. There are variations, though, as other factors such as elevation, ocean currents, and precipitation affect climate patterns.
For example, hot regions are normally closest to the equator. The climate is hotter there because the Sun’s light is most directly overhead at the equator. … The categories were also influenced by a region’s latitude—the imaginary lines used to measure our Earth from north to south from the equator.
What is a climate zone How does latitude affect it?
Latitude and Temperature
At higher latitudes, the Sun’s rays are less direct. The farther an area is from the equator, the lower its temperature. At the poles, the Sun’s rays are least direct. Much of the area is covered with ice and snow, which reflect a lot of sunlight.
What is the relationship between climate and location?
The climate of a region is directly linked to the weather that occurs within that area. If a location has very cold weather the majority of the time, then it will be a cold climate as the average over a long period will be mainly cold weather.
What is the relationship between altitude and climate?
Usually, as elevation increases, the weather gets colder and the climate becomes harsher (more intense weathering: windier and colder). There is also less air as elevation increases. As elevation decreases on land that most live on, the climate gets warmer as well as more humid.
Why is climate more influenced by latitude than longitude?
Many factors influence the climate of a region. The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. Sunlight filters through a thick wedge of atmosphere, making the sunlight much less intense. …
How does latitude differ from longitude?
Latitude implies the geographic coordinates that determine the distance of a point, north-south of the equator. Longitude alludes to the geographic coordinate, which identifies the distance of a point, east-west of the Prime Meridian.
How does mid latitude affect climate?
The area between the warm tropics and the chilly poles is called the mid latitudes. Climates in this zone are affected by both warm, tropical air moving towards the poles and cold, polar air moving towards the equator. Chaparrel: This ecosystem has wet-winters and dry-summers.
What is the relationship between latitude and elevation on climate and vegetation?
The vegetation generally decreases with the increasing altitude and the sun facing side of a mountain also has better vegetation growth. Thus the Latitude and altitude determine the climatic conditions and insolation of a region which in turn determine the vegetation of a region.
What are climate zones?
A climate zone results from the climate conditions of an area: its temperature, humidity, amount and type of precipitation, and the season. A climate zone is reflected in a region’s natural vegetation. … The major factors that influence climate determine the different climate zones.
What’s the relationship between climate and weather?
Weather can change from minute-to-minute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season. Climate, is the average of weather over time and space. We hear about weather and climate all of the time. Most of us check the local weather forecast to plan our days.
What is the relationship between altitude and climate How does this account for the differences in ecosystems at the base of a mountain and at its peak?
Altitude affects climate because atmospheric temperature drops with increasing altitude by about 0.5 to 0.6 °C (0.9 to 1.1 °F) per 100 metres (328 feet). The relief of mountains affects climate because they stand in the path of wind systems and force air to rise over them.
What is the relationship between elevation and climate quizlet?
The altitude affects the climate because the higher the altitude, the cooler and harsher the climate.
How latitude altitude and distance from the ocean affect climate?
Distance from the sea – Oceans heat up and cool down much more slowly than land. This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.