What major ecological and economic benefits do forests provide?

Forests provide major ecological and economic services. Ecological services include: support energy flow and chemical cycling, reduce soil erosion, absorb and release water, purify water and air, influence local and regional climate, store atmospheric carbon, and provide numerous wildlife habitats.

What are the ecological benefits of forest?

Forests provide us with shelter, livelihoods, water, food and fuel security. All these activities directly or indirectly involve forests. Some are easy to figure out – fruits, paper and wood from trees, and so on.

What are the economic benefits of forest vegetation?

Forests provide wood, timber, raw materials, vegetables, and fruits, which have significant economic value. The timber is used in construction and making furniture. Wood is also essential in the production of paper. The rubber extracted from trees is used to make several products.

How do forests contribute to the economy?

Forests are recognized as an integral part of national economies, providing a wide range of production inputs, environmental goods, food, fuel, medicines, household equipment, building material and raw materials for industrial processing.

What is an ecological benefit?

EPA Definition. In the context of environmental policy and management, the term applies specifically to net improvements in social welfare that result from changes in the quantity or quality of ecosystem goods and services attributable to policy or environmental decisions.

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Which are the forests that are economically useful?

The tropical deciduous forests in India is the most important commercial forests. They are considered the best in terms of trade and revenue generation. Explanation: These forests are comparatively less dense so timber can be easily extracted.

What are the ecological and economic services provided by natural ecosystem?

There, ecosystem services are grouped into four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and oxygen production; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits.

What are 5 examples of ecosystem services?

More About Ecosystem Services

  • Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
  • Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
  • Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.

What are the 4 major ecosystem processes?

A brief introduction to the basic ecosystem processes: water cycle, mineral cycle, solar energy flow, and community dynamics (succession). Monitoring these 4 processes tells you whether landscape health is improving or deteriorating, long before damage or improvement become obvious.