Rainforests are located in the equatorial climate region. They are hot and wet all year round – this creates a humid climate. The annual rainfall is high as it rains almost every day. The temperatures are constant all year round – the temperature range is usually only a few degrees.
Which type of climate supports equatorial forests?
High temperature and abundant rainfall in the equatorial regions support a luxuriant type of vegetation-the tropical rain forest.
What is equatorial climate in geography?
Equatorial climate can simply be defined as climate along the equator. the equatorial climate is also known as rainforest climate because there are mostly rainforest along the equator. The equator is an imaginary line running at the centre of the earth from east to west.
Why does the equatorial forest region have hot and wet climate?
Answer: The climate is hot and wet in this region as it receives direct rays of sun. Throughout the year and water evaporates from plants, ponds, rivers etc.
Which type of rainfall is common in equatorial region?
The convectional rainfall is prevalent in equatorial regions. In these, the warm air rises up and expands then, reaches at a cooler layer and saturates, then condenses mainly in the form of cumulus or cumulonimbus clouds. In the equatorial regions, the precipitation due to convectional rainfall occurs in the afternoon.
Where does equatorial climate occur?
Many regions close to the equator experience an equatorial climate. These regions include, the Amazon Basin (South America), the Congo Basin (Africa), Malaysia, Indonesia and some areas in northern Australia.
Why is the equatorial climate hot?
The air above the Equator is very hot and rises, creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). … This is because sinking air does not result in precipitation.
What is the other name for an equatorial climate?
A tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator. … A tropical rainforest climate is typically hot, very humid, and wet.
What type of natural vegetation is found in equatorial region?
The equatorial vegetation comprises a multitude of evergreen trees that yield tropical hardwood, e.g. mahogany, ebony, greenheart, cabinet woods and dyewoods.
Which type of rainfall is common in places with equatorial and tropical climates?
Answer: Convectional rain can also be found year round in regions near the equator. 2. CYCLONIC RAINFALL This rain is caused by depressions or Lows.
Why does equatorial region receive Convectional rainfall?
Air near the equatorial region is heated more due to high-intensity solar radiation. It expands, becomes lighter and moves in the upward direction in the form of convectional currents. The rising air cools down. … Clouds are formed and every day in the evening, the equatorial regions get a convectional type of rainfall.
What are the two basic characteristics that characterize true equatorial climate?
wet equatorial climate, major climate type of the Köppen classification characterized by consistently high temperatures (around 30 °C [86 °F]), with plentiful precipitation (150–1,000 cm [59–394 inches]), heavy cloud cover, and high humidity, with very little annual temperature variation.