Ample sunlight, consistently warm temperatures and frequent, abundant precipitation — all plentiful in tropical rainforests — tend to produce highest biodiversity among ecosystems.
What has a higher biodiversity a rainforest or a temperate forest?
No one knows exactly how many species live in the world’s tropical rainforests — estimates range from 3 to 50 million species — rainforests are the undisputed champions of biodiversity among the world’s ecosystems, containing far higher numbers of species on a per-area basis relative to sub-tropical, temperate, and …
Why does the rainforest have the most biodiversity?
Explanation: The high species richness or biodiversity found in tropical rain forests is mainly due to their geographic location and the amount of precipitation they receive. Tropical rainforests fall along the equator and receive a large amount of precipitation.
Why is there more biodiversity in tropical regions than temperate region?
“There is greater biodiversity in tropical/subtropical regions than in temperate region. … The tropical/subtropical region exhibit maximum biological diversity because these region remain undisturbed due to less variable climatic conditions. So, tropics has a longer evolutionary time for species diversification.
How is a temperate forest different from a rainforest?
Description. There are two types of rainforests, tropical and temperate. Tropical rainforests are found closer to the equator where it is warm. Temperate rainforests are found near the cooler coastal areas further north or south of the equator.
What is the biodiversity in the Amazon rainforest?
The Amazon Rainforest and Biodiversity
As an ecosystem, the Amazon is one of the most biodiverse places on earth. Over 3 million species live in the rainforest, and over 2,500 tree species (or one-third of all tropical trees that exist on earth) help to create and sustain this vibrant ecosystem.
How do tropical rainforest ecosystems differ from other forest ecosystem?
A forest ecosystem must receive over 60 inches of rain per year to be considered a rainforest. … The tropical rainforest biome is home to over 50 percent of all known species of living things, the vast majority of which live in the canopy. The temperate rainforest biome has fewer species due to its cooler climate.
Why do tropical rainforests have high productivity and why do tropical rainforests have high biodiversity?
Climate: because rainforests are located in tropical regions, they receive a lot of sunlight. … Since there is a lot of sunlight, there is a lot of energy in the rainforest. This energy is stored in plant vegetation, which is eaten by animals. The abundance of energy supports an abundance of plant and animal species.
Does temperate forest have biodiversity?
Although the biodiversity of temperate forests is typically much lower than that of tropical forests, temperate forest biodiversity hotspots with unique evolutionary histories and with high levels of endemism rival in importance those of either the tropics or the boreal regions.
What is the biodiversity of tropical rainforest?
Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.
What are the reasons for greater biodiversity?
There are three different reasons which explain why there is species richness in the tropics.
- Tropical latitudes receive more solar energy than temperate regions, which leads to high productivity and high species diversity.
- Tropical regions have less seasonal variations and have a more or less constant environment.
Why is there less diversity in temperate region?
What is the reason for this difference? Tropical and temperate areas have seen different rates and timing of habitat loss. The major cause of biodiversity loss in recent times is habitat destruction and degradation. … Temperate areas had already lost over half their broadleaf forests by 1950.
Why is tropical environment able to support greater species diversity give two reasons?
Tropical environments, unlike temperate ones, are less seasonal, relatively more constant and predictable. Such constant environments promote niche specialization and lead to a greater species diversity.
What is the difference between a rainforest and a tropical rainforest?
A rainforest is a dense forest rich in biodiversity that experiences a high amount of rainfall. Tropical rainforests occur in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, areas that have warm temperatures and year-round sunlight.
How is a temperate rainforest similar from a tropical rainforest?
Both tropical and temperate rainforests are very lush and wet. … It rains a lot in the temperate rainforest, too — about 100 inches per year. And even more moisture comes from the coastal fog that hovers among the trees. Tropical rainforests are warm and moist; while temperate rainforests are cool.
How are the tropical rainforest and tropical deciduous forest similar?
The regions having tropical climate throughout the year have the cover of tropical rain forests with an average annual rainfall of more than 200 cm. Tropical Deciduous Forests are spread over the areas where two distinct seasons, rainy and dry- are found with an average annual rainfall of 70-200 cm.