The main driver of these declines is the modification of natural habitats for human uses like agriculture, mining, and other industrial purposes. Over-harvesting and climate change are also major drivers globally. In the Arctic, it comes as no surprise that climate change is the biggest driver of biodiversity loss.
What are three threats to biodiversity in the Arctic?
Climate change is by far the most serious threat to Arctic biodiversity, exacerbating other threats such as ocean acidification, habitat degradation, pollution and, in some areas, unsustainable harvesting.
What is the reason for biodiversity to be declining?
Biodiversity, or the variety of all living things on our planet, has been declining at an alarming rate in recent years, mainly due to human activities, such as land use changes, pollution and climate change.
Why is the Arctic going extinct?
The Arctic, including the Bering, Beaufort and Chukchi seas, now faces an uncertain future due to climate change, mining, shipping, oil and gas development, and overfishing.
What is the biodiversity of the Arctic?
In all, the Arctic is home to more than 21,000 known species of highly cold-adapted mammals, birds, fish, invertebrates, plants and fungi and microbe species. This extensive biodiversity provides essential services and values to people.
How might the warming of the Arctic affect biodiversity?
Climate change caused by human activities is by far the worst threat to biodiversity in the Arctic. … “An entire bio-climatic zone, the high Arctic, may disappear. Polar bears and the other highly adapted organisms cannot move further north, so they may go extinct.
In what ways does the loss of Arctic ice affect biodiversity?
When there’s less sea ice, animals that depend on it for survival must adapt or perish. Loss of ice and melting permafrost spells trouble for polar bears, walruses, arctic foxes, snowy owls, reindeer, and many other species. As they are affected, so too are the other species that depend on them, in addition to people.
What is decline in biodiversity?
Available evidence suggests there is a continuing decline in biodiversity. Species extinctions, secondary salinisation, soil decline, pest outbreaks, and declining native vegetation and water quality and quantity are among a range of symptoms of ecosystems losing the capacity to repair themselves.
How is climate change affecting the Arctic?
The Arctic is warming more than twice as fast as the global average, process known as Arctic amplification (AA). The primary cause of this phenomenon is ice–albedo feedback where, by melting, ice uncovers darker land or ocean beneath, which then absorbs more sunlight, causing more heating.
How is climate change affecting the Arctic fox?
The Arctic fox faces a multitude of threats from climate change: its sea ice and tundra habitat are shrinking, its lemming prey are becoming less abundant in some areas, and it faces increased competition and displacement by the red fox which is moving northward as temperatures warm. LOSS OF SEA ICE AND TUNDRA HABITAT.
What would happen if Arctic animals went extinct?
If polar bears were to go extinct, the population of walruses, seals, whales, reindeer, rodents and birds would increase and get out of control. … Since seals create breathing holes, in about 100 to 200 years this will break up the ice and split the arctic circle.
Which ecosystem has high biodiversity low biodiversity?
Estuarine areas (where rivers meet seas and oceans) have high biodiversity compared to other areas. Trophical rainforests are rich in terms of biodiversity. Arid and semiarid areas have low biodiversity. Deserts, for example, contain limited numbers of species.
What is an example of an ecosystem that has low biodiversity?
Example of ecosystem with low biodiversity is definitely a desert. Then there are cold deserts in Antarctica and Gobi basin of central Asia, where biodiversity is minimum. Example of ecosystem with high biodiversity is tropical rain forest as seen in Amazon basin of south America.
Does the temperate rainforest have high or low biodiversity?
The cooler temperatures mean that temperate rainforests are not as biodiverse as tropical rainforests. This means they contain fewer different species of plants and animals. The coniferous temperate rainforests of the U.S. Pacific coast have the highest levels of biomass of any place on earth.