Explain how the coastal climates are moderated by water in comparison to inland climates. Costal climates will be warmer because the water is warmer at night. Costal climates have more water resources than some inland places. Explain river systems including NC river basins, aquifers, and watersheds.
How coastal climates are moderated by water due to its high specific heat capacity in comparison to inland climates?
Climates in coastal areas are moderated by the ocean. Because water does not heat up as easily as land does, oceans can help keep coastal areas cooler during the summer when inland temperatures soar. This phenomenon can be experienced by comparing coastal and inland cities in California.
How do waste water treatment systems impact the quality and quantity of potable water?
Wastewater plants remove solid waste and other contaminants and treat the water to federal drinking water quality standards before releasing it into receiving waterways.
What is responsible for distributing heat away from the equator?
The oceans, along with the atmosphere, distribute heat around the planet. The oceans absorb heat near the equator and then transport that solar energy to polar regions. … The oceans are an essential part of Earth’s water cycle.
How are flood events affected by groundwater levels?
Similar to snowmelt flooding, groundwater flooding can occur as a result of frequent, sustained rainfall. This rainfall leads to an excessively fast recharge of local groundwater levels, causing the water table to rise above the land surface.
Why the climate is so different on the coast compared to inland?
Water has a higher heat capacity than soil and rock, so the ocean takes much longer to heat and to cool than the land. Coastal areas will generally have more moderate temperatures than inland areas because of the heat capacity of the ocean.
How does the ocean affect coastal climate?
The ocean influences weather and climate by storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the globe, and driving weather systems. … Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds.
How does waste water affect water quality?
The availability of safe and sufficient water supplies is inextricably linked to how wastewater is managed. Increased amounts of untreated sewage, combined with agricultural runoff and industrial discharge, have degraded water quality and contaminated water resources around the world.
What is the difference between water treatment and wastewater treatment?
Water Treatment Plants (WTP) generally are smaller operations than Wastewater Treatment Plants WWTP) because of the water quality coming in. WTPs pull water from a local river, lake or well. This water is generally clean (compared to sewage!) and just need a bit of cleaning and disinfection.
How does water waste affect the environment?
Reason #2: Water treatment consumes significant energy.
Wastewater, too, requires processing. For the most part, these processes are made possible only by burning fossil fuels. This means wasting water also impacts carbon footprint and air quality, and needlessly depletes our shrinking fossil fuel resources.
Where does hot water near the equator move to during convection?
These currents bring warm water from the equator to cooler parts of the ocean; they transfer heat energy. Let’s take the Gulf Stream as an example; you can find the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic Ocean in Figure 14.15.
How is heat transferred by ocean currents?
Ocean currents transfer heat through convection. Convection is the process of heat transfer by the movement of fluids such as water. When warm liquid is forced to travel away from the heat source, it carries energy with it.
How the density of ocean water is affected by temperature & salinity and how this results in major ocean currents distributing heat away from the equator toward the poles?
Explain how the density of ocean water is affected by temperature and salinity and how this results in major ocean currents distributing heat away from the equator toward the poles. The cold water is more dense than warm. This results in circling movements of the currents, and they are either cold or warm.
What is the difference between groundwater and surface water flooding?
You will definitely have come across surface water flooding – put simply – when rain from heavy rain overwhelms drains, causing disruption, often to roads. … Groundwater flooding is much slower to occur than river flooding – it will usually happen days, weeks or even months after heavy or prolonged rainfall.
What’s groundwater flooding?
Groundwater flooding is defined here as the emergence of groundwater at the ground surface away from perennial river channels or the rising of groundwater into man-made ground, under conditions where the ‘normal’ ranges of groundwater level and groundwater flow are exceeded.
Does rain increase groundwater level?
After analyzing decades of data on groundwater and precipitation, scientists at University of Wisconsin–Madison and the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources have linked precipitation trends to groundwater levels in monitoring wells in Wisconsin. The connection seems obvious: more rain means higher water levels.