Your question: What is biodiversity hotspot give example?

Examples of biodiversity hotspots are forest habitats as they constantly face destruction and degradation due to illegal logging, pollution and deforestation. According to Myers 2000 edition of the hotspot-map, a region only qualifies as a biodiversity hotspot if it meets two criteria.

What are biodiversity hotspots give examples Class 12?

Biodiversity hotspots are the regions with very high levels of species richness and high degree of endemism. Three hotspots – Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma and Himalaya – cover high biodiversity regions.

What is a biodiversity hotspot simple definition?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.

Who defines biodiversity hotspots?

How did the concept of biodiversity hotspots begin? In 1988, British ecologist Norman Myers published a seminal paper identifying 10 tropical forest “hotspots.” These regions were characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and serious levels of habitat loss.

What is biodiversity hotspot Class 10?

The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.

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What is hotspot short answer?

Hotspot: A hotspot is a physical location where people can access the Internet, typically using Wi-Fi, via a wireless local area network (WLAN) with a router connected to an Internet service provider. … While many public hotspots offer free wireless access on an open network, others require payment.

What is biodiversity hotspot in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

What are examples of endemic species?

Endemic Species of India

  • Asiatic Lion, Gir Forest. Asiatic Lion is also known as the Indian Lion and can be only found in and around Gir Forest National Park of Gujarat. …
  • Kashmir Stag, Kashmir Valley. …
  • Lion-Tailed Macaque, Western Ghats. …
  • Purple Frog, Western Ghats. …
  • Sangai Deer, Loktak Lake. …
  • Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Hills.

What are the types and examples of biodiversity?

Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

  • Genetic Diversity. …
  • Species Diversity. …
  • Ecological Diversity. …
  • Biodiversity Agreements. …
  • Human Impact. …
  • Conservation.