At higher latitudes, the Sun’s rays are less direct. The farther an area is from the equator, the lower its temperature. At the poles, the Sun’s rays are least direct. Much of the area is covered with ice and snow, which reflect a lot of sunlight.
Why does latitude greatly influence climate?
How does latitude affect climate? Places with latitudes closer to the Equator have hotter climates. Places with latitudes closer to the Poles have colder climates. This happens because the Sun’s rays hit them more or less directly.
Why does climate vary across latitude?
The variations are the result of two phenomena: the orbit of the Earth around the sun and the tilt of the Earth’s axis relative to the orbit. The tilt is the primary reason that different latitudes experience different weather patterns or climates.
Why is latitude so important?
Latitudes help in identifying and locating major heat zones of the earth. Latitude measures the distance between the north to south from the equator. Latitude helps in understanding the pattern of wind circulation on the global surface. Longitude measures the distance between the west to earth from the prime meridian.
How does latitude affect the heating of the atmosphere?
Temperature is inversely related to latitude. As latitude increases, the temperature falls, and vice versa. Generally, around the world, it gets warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles.
How does longitude and latitude affect climate?
Together with the longitudes, latitudes are used to indicate a precise location of any feature on the earth’s surface. Temperature is inversely related to latitude. As latitude increases, the temperature falls, and vice versa. Generally, around the world, it gets warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles.
How does latitude altitude and topography affect climate?
Latitude and Altitude
Latitude, or how far one is from the equator, greatly affects the climate and weather of an area. … Altitude, or how high one is above sea level, has a similar effect–the higher the elevation, the colder the climate.
How does latitude affect climate Edgenuity?
As latitude increases, the intensity of the solar energy that strikes an area decreases, and climates become cooler. … The higher the elevation, the colder the air and therefore, the colder the climate. You just studied 8 terms!
Why is latitude important in geography?
Besides making it easier for one to locate different places on Earth, latitude is important to geography because it helps navigation and researchers understand the various patterns seen on Earth.
What is the most important line of latitude?
Important lines of latitude:
- the equator (0°)
- the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)
- the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)
- the Arctic circle (66.5° north)
- the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)
- the North Pole (90° north)
- the South Pole (90° south)
Why is the knowledge of latitude and longitude important for people?
Answer : The knowledge of latitude and longitude helps to locate the exact location of their location. It helps people to find the time duration.
Why is latitude so important when we talk about temperature?
The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. … The maximum annual temperature of the Earth, showing a roughly gradual temperature gradient from the low to the high latitudes. The Equator receives the most solar radiation.
How does latitude affect rainfall?
How does latitude affect rainfall? To simplify, precipitation decreases as latitude increases toward the poles (since how much precipitation air can hold depends largely on its temperature, and depending on the seasons higher latitudes are typically colder).
What are the effects of latitude?
Latitude affects the amount of solar radiation a place receives. The amount of solar radiation a place receives is greatest at the Equator and lessens toward the poles. Latitude is not the only factor that determines the temperature of a region.