Illegal wildlife trade is also often unsustainable, harming wild populations of animals and plants and pushing endangered species toward extinction. Endangered animals and plants are often the target of wildlife crime because of their rarity and increased economic value.
What is the impact of the illegal wildlife trade on biodiversity?
Illegal wildlife trade has many negative consequences for human well-being and species conservation. When criminal actors trade in endangered species, they weaken entire ecosystems and they threaten essential links of the world’s biological diversity.
Why is wildlife trade harmful?
Wildlife trade threatens the local ecosystem, and puts all species under additional pressure at a time when they are facing threats such as over-fishing, pollution, dredging, deforestation and other forms of habitat destruction.
What are the impacts of wildlife trade?
Just as important as the devastating effects on biodiversity is the evidence in this report that the illegal wildlife trade erodes state authority and fuels civil conflict, threatening national stability and provoking substantial economic losses internationally.
How does wildlife poaching and illegal trade affect biodiversity?
Wildlife trafficking contributes to the loss of biodiversity, threatens in particular endangered species – lions, elephants, tigers, rhinos, whales, turtles and others – with extinction and leads to substantial loss of income for populations in the third world.
How are animals affected by illegal hunting?
In recent times, poaching has as well been linked to the spread of viral and deadly diseases from wildlife animals to humans, threatening the survival of humanity. Examples include the SARS, Ebola, and the Covid-19 pandemic of 2019-2020 that have caused thousands of deaths.
How does illegal wildlife trade affect the economy?
Wildlife crime undermines the economic prosperity of countries and communities in the region, deteriorating their natural capital, social stability and cohesion, and threatening sustainable economic development, including the erosion of benefits derived from legal nature-based enterprises like tourism.
Why is wildlife trade illegal?
Why do we need to end illegal wildlife trade? Wildlife trade involves hundreds of millions of wild plants and animals from tens of thousands of species. To reduce wildlife trafficking, which, when unmonitored and unregulated could create the risk of zoonotic diseases.
Why does illegal wildlife trade exist?
Many species are directly threatened by illegal wildlife trade, and whilst national and international laws are in place for their protection, such as CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora & Fauna), as demand for wildlife products grows, so does the illegal trade.
What is the problem with wildlife?
Wildlife are under threat from many different kinds of human activities, from directly destroying habitat to spreading invasive species and disease. Most ecosystems are facing multiple threats. Each new threat puts additional stress on already weakened ecosystems and their wildlife.
How does animal poaching affect the environment?
Poaching can affect the environment by depleting certain species of animals. It causes animals that are endangered to become extinct, thus creating a disruption in the food chain. Eventually, it will cause as a result new adaptations of animals, and/or species beyond human control.