KEY MESSAGES Many risk factors for chronic respiratory diseases have been identified and can be prevented. Major risk factors include: tobacco smoke second hand tobacco smoke other indoor air pollutants outdoor air pollutants allergens occupational agents.
How does the environment affect the respiratory system?
Breathing in air pollutants can irritate your airways and may cause shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, asthma episodes and chest pain. Exposure to air pollution puts you at risk for lung cancer, heart attacks, stroke and in extreme cases, premature death.
What are environmental factors that can cause respiratory problems?
Factors contributing to an increased risk for occupational and environmental lung diseases include:
- Occupational exposure to unsafe chemicals, dusts and fibers.
- Smoking or frequent exposure to secondhand smoke.
Which of the following environmental problems affects respiratory health?
Air pollution is a known factor for respiratory diseases like asthma, pneumonia, and others. It has also been linked to lung infections, especially in small children.
Why is the environment essential in respiratory?
Respiration continually brings air from the environment in contact with the delicate cells in our lungs to provide oxygen and to expel carbon dioxide, which is a by product of metabolism.
Which environmental issue is the main cause of respiratory issues in children?
UPPER RESPIRATORY ILLNESS
Environmental factors that increase the likelihood of acquiring colds include attendance at child care facilities, smoking, passive exposure to tobacco smoke, low income, and crowding.
Which pollutant is major cause of respiratory disease?
Air pollution is the cause and aggravating factor of many respiratory diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (11,12), asthma (12,13), and lung cancer (14,15).
What is environmental lung disease?
Environmental lung diseases are caused by harmful particles, mists, vapors, or gases that are inhaled, usually while people work. If the lung disease is due to inhaled particles, the term pneumoconiosis is often used.
What are the effects of outside factors on respiratory system?
Environmental risk factors might have adverse effects on children’s respiratory system, leading to a decline in lung function. For example, exposure to traffic pollutants may cause children coughing, sneezing, asthma, and decreased lung function in children.
Which pollutant affects the respiratory tract in humans?
Pollutants with the strongest evidence for adverse effects on respiratory health include particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide. Particulate matter is used as an indicator of air pollution and is usually divided into groups based on particle size.