Great parts of North Africa and Southern Africa as well as the whole Horn of Africa mainly have a hot desert climate, or a hot semi-arid climate for the wetter locations. The Sahara Desert in North Africa is the largest hot desert in the world and is one of the hottest, driest and sunniest places on Earth.
What is the climate south of the Sahara?
The Sahara is dominated by two climatic regimes: a dry subtropical climate in the north and a dry tropical climate in the south.
What is the climate in the middle of Africa?
The center of the continent has a wet tropical climate, with extremely heavy rainfall. To the north and south are belts of tropical climate with a dry season.
What is the climate in Sub-Saharan Africa?
With the exception of Southern Africa, virtually the entirety of the sub-Saharan region lies in the tropics and, as such, generally tends to exhibit the characteristics of tropical and subtropical climatic zones. … Here, humid tropical conditions are more pronounced, particularly during the summer months.
What is the climate in the southern part of Africa?
South Africa is a relatively dry country, with an average annual rainfall of about 464 mm. While the Western Cape gets most of its rainfall in winter, the rest of the country is generally a summer-rainfall region. … South Africa’s coastal regions are therefore relatively warm in winter.
What months are summer in Sahara?
Even in the central-south of Western Sahara, the sea is never warm, and only reaches 21/22 °C (70/72 °F) from July to November.
What is the average climate in the Sahara desert?
The Sahara Desert is one of the driest and hottest regions of the world, with a mean temperature sometimes over 30 °C (86 °F) and the average high temperatures in summer are over 40 °C (104 °F) for months at a time, and can even soar to 47 °C (117 °F).
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
What is the weather and climate in Africa?
North Africa has an arid desert climate, with high temperatures and very little precipitation (although temperatures in the mountains and the Sahara at nighttime can drop below freezing). … East Africa also has distinct dry and rainy seasons, while Southern Africa is generally more temperate.
What is the climate of West Africa?
Climate. West Africa has wet and dry seasons resulting from the interaction of two migrating air masses. … The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C.
What are the three main types of climate in West Africa?
1.1 General overview
The climate across West Africa varies from arid desert conditions in the north to humid tropical monsoon conditions along the coastal regions in the south. A semi-arid transect is located in the Sahel region, extending from northern Nigeria in the east to Senegal in the west.
What is the environment and climate of eastern Africa?
The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations.
What are the average temperatures in South Africa?
Mean annual temperature for South Africa as a whole is 17.5℃, with average monthly temperatures ranging between 22°C (December, January) and 11°C (June, July). Annual precipitation is 469.9 mm, with highest rainfall occurring November to March, coupled with extremely low precipitation occurring between June to August.
What are the 6 types of climates?
There are six main climate regions: tropical rainy, dry, temperate marine, temperate continental, polar, and highlands. The tropics have two types of rainy climates: tropical wet and tropical wet-and- dry.
How hot is South Africa in the summer?
Parts of South Africa see summer highs get up to 81 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius), with averages closer to 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius), while the mild winters produce average highs of approximately 63 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius).