What are the chief features of the climate of equatorial region?

It receives a large amount of insolation. Relative humidity remains high throughout the year. Almost equal days and nights throughout the year. Little seasonal variation in the climatic conditions because of vertical sun rays all the year-round.

What type of climate is found in equatorial regions?

A tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator. They experience high mean annual temperatures, small temperature ranges, and rain that falls throughout the year.

What are the chief characteristics of natural vegetation of equatorial region?

In equatorial regions, the year round high temperatures and abundant rainfall support plant growth all year round. These areas usually have equatorial rainforests. These forests have very dense vegetation. Many different types of trees and other plants can be found growing in a relatively small area of rainforest.

What are the two characteristics of equatorial region?

Answer: Characteristics of Equatorial Climates: Regions with this climate experience high temperatures all year round. The average monthly temperatures are about 26 – 28 degrees Celsius. … Another major characteristic of this climate is the high rainfall.

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What are the characteristics features of the equatorial vegetation?

Vegetation in equatorial regions is comprised of four vertical layers starting from the canopy of tree to the ferns on ground. 2. The tallest trees can attain a height of 150 feet or above. Trees have thick canopies which don’t let sunlight to reach the ground.

What is modified equatorial climate?

4.1 Modified Equatorial Climate of the Coast

As the other equatorial climate in this region, this region has no dry season but has a well-developed double maximum rainfall in May and October. There is high average temperatures and humidity throughout the year.

What are the characteristics of equatorial rainforest?

Characteristics of tropical rainforests

  • Very wet with over 2,000 mm of rainfall per year.
  • Very warm with an average daily temperature of 28°C. The temperature never drops below 20°C and rarely exceeds 35°C.
  • The atmosphere is hot and humid .
  • The climate is consistent all year round. There are no seasons.

What are the characteristics features of the equatorial region?

In equatorial regions, the year round high temperatures and abundant rainfall support plant growth all year round. These areas usually have equatorial rainforests. These forests have very dense vegetation. Many different types of trees and other plants can be found growing in a relatively small area of rainforest.

What is the climate in equatorial Africa?

Regions with the equatorial, or tropical wet, type of climate, or variants thereof, are the wettest in Africa. … Because areas with an equatorial climate are constantly covered by warm maritime air masses, variations in their monthly and daily temperatures are less pronounced than in the tropical wet-and-dry regions.

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Why is the equatorial climate hot?

The air above the Equator is very hot and rises, creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). … This is because sinking air does not result in precipitation.

What are the characteristics of climate?

Climate features also include windiness, humidity, cloud cover, atmospheric pressure, and fogginess. Latitude plays a huge factor in determining climate. Landscape can also help define regional climate. A region’s elevation, proximity to the ocean or freshwater, and land-use patterns can all impact climate.

Why is equatorial climate described as hot and wet?

Places near the equator experience maximum heat from the sun and therefore, experiencing warm to hot temperatures all the year except in hilly areas. The warm to hot temperatures lead to high moisture content in the atmosphere which results into high precipitation with two peaks of rainfall or bimodal rainfall.

Where is the equatorial climate located?

The equatorial, hot, wet climate is found between 5° and 10° north and south of the equator. Its greatest extent is found in the lowlands of the Amazon, the Congo, Malaysia and the East Indies.

What is equatorial region in geography?

The equatorial region is located between 5° and 10° latitude on either side of the equator. It stretches in the Amazon lowlands in South America, Congo basin in Africa and the East Indies, from Sumatra to New Guinea. • Being located near the equator, it is characterized by high sunshine throughout the year.

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