Why do we need to consider the weather and climate in establishing horticultural project?

Being aware of real-time weather conditions like air and dew temperature, precipitation, and humidity is the best way to protect crops and secure a high and healthy yield. Extreme weather such as drought, flood, hail, or frost can cause instant plant stress, thus leading to failed production and increased cost.

What is the importance of considering climatic conditions in horticultural crops?

Inadequate chilling impairs the development and/or expansion of vegetative and reproductive organs, which will affect fruiting. Higher temperatures can also affect the marketability of fruits and vegetables. The increased rates of respiration caused by higher temperatures lead to a greater use of sugars by the plants.

How does climate change affect horticulture?

Climate change will alter the growth patterns and capabilities for flowering and fruiting of many perennial and annual horticultural plants. … Vital resources such as water and nutrients may become scarce in some regions reducing opportunities for growing horticultural crops.

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What is the importance of knowing the specific climate type in an area for crop production?

By knowing the relationships among climate, technology and decision making, we can obtain more accurate estimates of the adaptation potential, limitations and costs, and ultimately shift crop production systems to more climate-smart one (Lipper et al., 2014).

How does weather affect crop growth?

An area’s climate affects the types of plants that can grow there. Plant growth is dependent on precipitation and temperature. If the precipitation level is too high or too low or if the temperature is too high or too low, plants may not grow well. Some climates are better for growing crops than others.

How does weather affect agriculture?

Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.

What is the purpose of horticulture?

Horticulture is the art of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients, or for comfort and ornamental purposes. Horticulturists are agriculturists who grow flowers, fruits and nuts, vegetables and herbs, as well as ornamental trees and lawns.

How does climate change affect productivity in the horticulture industry?

increased atmospheric CO2 concentrations will benefit productivity of most horticultural crops, although the extent of this benefit is unknown. increased risk of soil erosion and off-farm effects of nutrients and pesticides, from extreme rainfall events. increased input costs—especially fuel, fertilisers and pesticides.

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How can we help climate change in the garden?

What can I do about climate change in my garden?

  1. Green up your outside space. …
  2. Plant a diverse range of plants in your garden. …
  3. Adopt new ways of growing. …
  4. Be water-wise. …
  5. Avoid peat-based composts. …
  6. Compost your garden and kitchen waste. …
  7. Reduce – Reuse – Recycle – Reinvest. …
  8. Go organic.

What is the importance of weather and climate?

Weather and climate are very important to man and his environment, the most important benefit of weather and climate is that they bring rain, snow and other forms of precipitation. This precipitation or rain is what sustains all living things on the earth surface (humans, plant, animal, and other microorganisms).

Why is the weather important to us?

1) Weather controls the distribution of rain water on earth. All living organisms on earth require liquid water to survive, and humans require fresh (not salty) water for drinking and agriculture (growing crops for food). Droughts can have a major impact on humans and have killed millions of people throughout history.

What are the importance of knowing the weather condition?

Climatology and Weather Forecasting is important since it helps determine future climate expectations. Through the use of latitude, one can determine the likelihood of snow and hail reaching the surface. You can also be able to identify the thermal energy from the sun that is accessible to a region.

What is the relationship of weather to climate?

Whereas weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere, climate describes what the weather is like over a long period of time in a specific area. Different regions can have different climates.

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What do plants need to grow How are these needs affected by climate?

Plants need air, warmth, sunlight, water, and nutrients to grow. … Climate determines the average temperature and precipitation, the length of the growing season, and the quality of the soil, including levels of soil nutrients.

Why do we need to consider the temperature adaptation of the crop before planting?

Temperature stresses on annual and perennial crops have an impact on all phases of plant growth and development. Exposure of plants to extreme temperatures will limit the ability of the plant to produce fruit due to disruption of the pollination process.