The Amazon rain forest has more biodiversity per square mile than any other place on Earth. The tierra helada and the puna are the lowest vertical climate zones in South America. The llanos and the pampas are two grasslands areas in South America.
What is the sparsely populated desert along the coast of Peru and Chile?
The Atacama is sparsely populated, with most towns located along the Pacific coast.
What is the climate zones above the tree line in the Andes?
The elevation zones in the Andes are known by their Spanish names. The lowest zone is called tierra caliente, or hot country. Above that is a zone known as tierra templada, or cool country. Next comes tierra fría, or cold country.
What are a group of several mountain ranges that run parallel to one another?
The Rocky Mountains are part of a system of parallel mountain ranges known as the Cordilleras. A cordillera is a long series of mountain ranges. Although cordilleras exist all over the world, in North America, “the Cordilleras” indicate the massive mountain ranges in the western part of the continent.
Do favelas contribute to pollution?
Favelas are located most often on the periphery of large cities. … As a result of the crowding, unsanitary conditions, poor nutrition, and pollution, disease is rampant in the poorer favelas, and infant mortality rates are high.
What is the sparsely populated desert?
Of all the deserts in the world, Antarctica is the most sparsely populated desert. Even if one plans to stay in a desert, gathering all the essentials and carrying there, water gets evaporated due to the hot weather and the sudden change in temperatures might affect the health.
Which factor can cause variations in the seasons in tropical zones?
Areas located near the tropics remain warm and relatively wet throughout the year. In temperate regions, variation in solar input drives seasonal changes. In the Northern Hemisphere where land masses are more concentrated, these seasons can involve pronounced changes in temperature.
What climate zone is found in the Andes mountains?
As you go up the mountains the temperature goes down. The classification surrounding the Andes Mountains starting with Colombia is Af, which equals tropical rainforest climates. This is where you find the “cloud forests” of the Andes.
What are the five climate zones of the Andes?
∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America. Argentina – South of Santiago the mountains are lower.
What is the climate of the Tierra Caliente?
Tierra caliente (hot land) includes all areas under about 900 m (3000 ft). These areas generally have a mean annual temperature above 25°C (77°F). Their natural vegetation is usually either tropical evergreen or tropical deciduous forest.
Which is the highest peak in the world?
Mount Everest, located in Nepal and Tibet, is usually said to be the highest mountain on Earth. Reaching 29,029 feet at its summit, Everest is indeed the highest point above global mean sea level—the average level for the ocean surface from which elevations are measured.
What is the difference between a mountain range and mountain chain?
A mountain chain is a row of high mountain summits, a linear sequence of interconnected or related mountains, or a contiguous ridge of mountains within a larger mountain range. … While in mountain ranges, the term mountain chain is common, in hill ranges a sequence of hills tends to be referred to a ridge or hill chain.
What causes most mountain ranges to be uplifted?
Orogenic uplift is the result of tectonic-plate collisions and results in mountain ranges or a more modest uplift over a large region. … Heavy thrust faulting (of the Indian plate beneath the Eurasian plate) and folding are responsible for the suturing together of the two plates.
Do favelas have toilets?
The houses in these settlements have no basic amenities such as running water or toilets, so diseases like cholera and dysentery are common. Overcrowding is a major problem in Rio’s favelas. On average, the population density is about 37,000 people per square kilometre.
Is Brazil poor?
To put it simply, Brazil is a nation of stark contrasts. Although the nation has some of the wealthiest in the world, many more suffer from extreme poverty. 26% of the population still lives below the poverty line.
Which city in Brazil is home to the largest favela?
Rocinha (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁɔˈsĩɲɐ], little farm) is the largest favela in Brazil, located in Rio de Janeiro’s South Zone between the districts of São Conrado and Gávea. Rocinha is built on a steep hillside overlooking Rio de Janeiro, and is located about one kilometre from a nearby beach.