Where are Rabi crops grown describe the climatic conditions required for their growth?

It grows well in hot and humid climate. Temperature: 21°C to 27°C. Annual rainfall between 75 cm and 100 cms. Irrigation is required in the regions of low rainfall.

What climate is required for rabi crops in growing season?

Major Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, barley etc. It requires a lot of water and hot weather to grow. A warm climate is required for seed germination and cold climate for the growth of crops.

What climatic conditions are required for the growth of wheat?

Wheat cultivation requires cool climate and medium rainfall. The ideal temperature needed in winters for the production of this crop is 10 degree to 15 degree celsius. The ideal temperature needed in summers for the production of this crop is 21 degree to 26 degree celsius.

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Which of the following type of climatic condition is suitable for the cultivation of rabi crops in general?

Pulse crops are cultivated in Kharif, Rabi and Zaid seasons of the Agricultural year. Rabi crops require mild cold climate during sowing period, during vegetative to pod development cold climate and during maturity / harvesting warm climate.

When the rabi crops are grown?

The rabi crops are sown around mid-November, preferably after the monsoon rains are over, and harvesting begins in April / May. The crops are grown either with rainwater that has percolated into the ground or using irrigation.

What is the temperature of rabi crop?

According to experts, production of winter crops may be hit by at least 30-40 per cent if the weather in the eastern state is unchanged for long. The minimum temperature should be 10-12 degrees Celsius (°C) while the maximum temperature should be 18°C-21°C for better yield of rabi crop, said experts.

What is Rabi and Kharif season?

List of Kharif and Rabi Crops. The crops that are sown in the rainy season are called kharif crops. (also known as the summer or monsoon crop) in India. … The Rabi means, when the crop is harvested. Crops that are grown in the winter season, from November to April are called Rabi Crops.

What type of climate is required to grow the crop?

(i) Temperature : Cool and moist weather during growth, and warm and dry climate during ripening is needed. (ii) Rainfall : 50-75 cm rainfall is required. Rainfall is necessary and beneficial, 15 days after sowing, and 15 days before ripening. A few light winter showers or assured irrigation ensures a bumper harvest.

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What are the climatic conditions for growing wheat in India?

The ideal wheat climate has winter temperature 10° to 15°C and summer temperature varying from 21°C to 26°C. The temperature should be low at the time of sowing but as the harvesting time approaches higher temperatures are required for proper ripening of the crop.

What are the climatic requirements?

Descriptions of climatic requirements are presented for 21 species in terms of mean annual rainfall, rainfall seasonality, dry season length, mean maximum temperature of the hottest month, mean minimum temperature of the coldest month, absolute minimum temperature and mean annual temperature.

How are Rabi crops different from Kharif crops?

The major difference is that the Rabi crops are grown in the winter season whereas the Kharif crops are grown in the monsoon season.

What do you mean by Rabi crops and Kharif crops when are they sown and harvested give examples also?

Rabi crops are sown at the end of monsoon or the beginning of winter. They are also known as winter crops. Kharif crops are sown at the beginning of the rainy season and are also known as monsoon crops.

Which climate and which conditions are necessary for production of different food grains?

A temperature of 21°C- 27°C and 50-100cm rainfall is suitable for its cultivation. Alternate spells of rains and sunny weather are ideal for maize. It is a Kharif Crop but in some states like Bihar, it is grown in the rabi season also. It grows well in alluvial and red soils with good drainage.

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Where are kharif crops grown?

This is the latest accepted revision, reviewed on 5 December 2021. Kharif crops, monsoon crops or autumn crops are domesticated plants that are cultivated and harvested in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh during the Indian subcontinent’s monsoon season, which lasts from June to November depending on the area.

Why kharif crops are grown in rabi season?

Indian agriculture is divided into weather conditions throughout the year. Different types of crops are harvested according to the weather segments throughout the year. … That’s why Kharif crops cannot be harvested in the harvesting time of Rabi crops ,due to the lack of environmental resources related to climate.

In which month kharif crops are grown?

Crops that are sown during the southwest monsoon season are called kharif or monsoon crops. These crops are sown at the beginning of the season around end May to early June and are harvested post the monsoon rains beginning October. Rice, maize, pulses such as urad, moong dal and millets are among the key kharif crops.